Super Tuscan refers to a style of red wine that originated in Tuscany, Italy, in the early 1970s. Super Tuscan wines vary in style, but the influence of Bordeaux is apparent in their use of new oak barrels and French grapes like cabernet sauvignon and merlot in addition to sangiovese, the classic grape of Tuscany.
- “Super Tuscan” is a term used to describe red wines from Tuscany that may include non-indigenous grapes, particularly Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Syrah. The creation of super Tuscan wines resulted from the frustration winemakers had towards a slow bureaucracy in changing Italy’s wine law during the 1970s.
- 1 What is a good Super Tuscan wine?
- 2 What is a super Tucson?
- 3 What grapes are used in Super Tuscan?
- 4 Is Toscana IGT Super Tuscan?
- 5 What is the difference between a Tuscan and a Super Tuscan?
- 6 What does Super Tuscan wine taste like?
- 7 What is the most expensive Italian wine?
- 8 Is Villa Antinori a Super Tuscan?
- 9 Is Barolo a Super Tuscan?
- 10 What is the difference between Montepulciano and Montepulciano d Abruzzo?
- 11 Is Sangiovese the same as Chianti?
- 12 What does IGT Toscana mean?
- 13 What is IGT in red wine?
- 14 Is Tuscan red wine sweet?
- 15 Unofficial Star of Italy: Super Tuscan Wine
- 16 The Unofficial Star of Italy: Super Tuscan Wine
- 17 What’s a Super Tuscan and is the Term Still Relevant?
- 18 The history of super Tuscans
- 19 The super Tuscans pioneers
- 20 How super Tuscans have evolved
- 21 What is a “super Tuscan” wine?
- 22 10 Super Tuscan Wines Your Collection Needs
- 23 What Is a Super Tuscan Wine?
- 24 All About the Tuscan Wine Region
- 25 1. Tenuta San Guido “Sassicaia”
- 26 2. Tua Rita “Redigaffi”
- 27 3. Antinori “Solaia”
- 28 4. Le Macchiole “Messorio”
- 29 5. Tenuta dell’Ornellaia “Ornellaia”
- 30 6. Antinori “Tignanello”
- 31 7. Fontodi “Flaccianello della Pieve”
- 32 8. Castello di Ama “L’Apparita”
- 33 9. Antinori “Guado al Tasso”
- 34 10. Tenuta dell’Ornellaia “Masseto”
- 35 What are Super Tuscan Wines?
- 36 Related Blog Posts:
- 37 What Is Super Tuscan Wine?
- 38 A Brief History of Tuscan Wine
- 39 The Essential Features of Tuscan Wines
- 40 The Flavor Profile of Tuscan Wine
- 41 Top 5 Affordable Super-Tuscan Wines
- 42 Wines of Italy: What’s A Super Tuscan? Plus The Top 3 Super Tuscans To Try Now
- 43 What is a Super Tuscan?
- 44 The Freedom of Making Super Tuscan Wines
- 45 Super Tuscans are a Super Investment
- 46 Top 3 Super Tuscan Wines You Should Be Drinking Right Now
- 47 Top Super Tuscan wines
- 48 How Did “Super Tuscan” Come About?
- 49 What Do Super Tuscan Wines Taste Like?
- 50 How to Find Super Tuscan’s
- 51 How Much do Super Tuscan’s Cost?
- 52 More Ways To Learn About Italian Wine and Explore Italian Wine Regions
- 53 Great Value Wines: Super Tuscans under $30
What is a good Super Tuscan wine?
Below you’ll find 10 wines famed for their Super Tuscan wine provenance.
- Tenuta San Guido “Sassicaia”
- Tua Rita “Redigaffi”
- Antinori “Solaia”
- Le Macchiole “Messorio”
- Tenuta dell’Ornellaia “Ornellaia”
- Antinori “Tignanello”
- Fontodi “Flaccianello della Pieve”
- Castello di Ama “L’Apparita”
What is a super Tucson?
laws, they were labeled as simple vino da tavola, or “table wine,” typically reserved for the lowest quality wines in Italy, and that is why the producers started calling them “super Tuscans,” to distinguish their wines from those inexpensive table wines.
What grapes are used in Super Tuscan?
The blend was comprised of Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc, aged in French oak barrels. Ornellaia, located near Sassicaia, was planted by Lodovico Antinori in 1981. A blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot, the first vintage was bottled in 1985.
Is Toscana IGT Super Tuscan?
It is the famous ‘ Super Tuscan ‘ wines produced here that led to the creation of the IGT category. When the Italian DOC system was introduced in the 1960s, it was not well-received.
What is the difference between a Tuscan and a Super Tuscan?
Super Tuscans and Chiantis are both types of red wine made in Tuscany. The difference between a Super Tuscan wine and Chianti is DOC status, a legal designation given to wines that adhere to strict guidelines. Super Tuscans are labeled IGT, a designation that came about in 2013 and that indicates a lower quality level.
What does Super Tuscan wine taste like?
It’s fruit-forward with dried cherry and plum flavors and a sweet tannin finish. This wine is by the Frescobaldi family. Sweet plums and cherries with tobacco-like oak spice and a rich long finish.
What is the most expensive Italian wine?
Barolo Riserva Monfortino by Giacomo Conterno, one of the most traded bottles on the secondary market of fine wines, is confirmed as the most expensive wine of Italy, with an average online price of 1,070 euros per bottle.
Is Villa Antinori a Super Tuscan?
An original Super Tuscan Value! Villa Antinori Rosso is deep ruby red in color. Villa Antinori Rosso is primarily Sangiovese fruit blended with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah. Enjoy a glass of our medium-full bodied red wine with pizza or pasta with meat sauce.
Is Barolo a Super Tuscan?
For Italy, the must-haves include top Super Tuscans (Sassicaia, Ornellaia) and Barolos (Giacomo Conterno), and the most well-known producers, like Italy’s Gaja, which is well known for Barbarescos and Barolos.
What is the difference between Montepulciano and Montepulciano d Abruzzo?
Montepulciano is both a grape variety and the name of a village. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is the wine produced from the Montepulciano grape when grown in the Abruzzo region. On the other hand, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is produced with Sangiovese grape in the Tuscany region. This is the case of Montepulciano.
Is Sangiovese the same as Chianti?
What Is the Difference Between Sangiovese and Chianti? Generally, sangiovese refers to a specific red grape variety, while Chianti refers to a type of Italian wine. Other wines that contain sangiovese grapes include wines of the same name made from 100% sangiovese, as well as Super Tuscans, rosé, and Vin Santo.
What does IGT Toscana mean?
Toscana IGT refers to wines not covered by the various DOC, DOCG or other IGT designations in the region of Tuscany. Thus a Toscana IGT has only a vague meaning, being a wine from Tuscany; it could be quite simple or it could be rather complex.
What is IGT in red wine?
IGT ( Indicazione Geografica Tipica ) designations allow foreign grape varieties to be added. It is used most famously in Tuscany with the addition of French varietals like Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon to Chianti Classico, creating the Supertuscans. It is now in every Italian region except Piedmont.
Is Tuscan red wine sweet?
Designed to be drunk young, these are full of sweet and juicy red fruit flavours, and the permitting of white grapes to the blend allows costs to be reduced and creates less tannic wines with a high acidity.
Unofficial Star of Italy: Super Tuscan Wine
Learn more about this unofficial category of Italian wine, including where to find it and how to identify it.
The Unofficial Star of Italy: Super Tuscan Wine
During the early 1980s, the phrase “Super Tuscan” was developed to characterize a red blend from the Tuscan region of Italy. This distinction between “super Tuscan” wine and other Tuscan wines (such as Chianti) is due to the usage of wine grapes that are not indigenous to Italy. Discover the characteristics of exceptional Tuscan wines and how to locate them.
What is a Super Tuscan wine?
“Super Tuscan” is a word used to designate red wines from Tuscany that may contain non-indigenous grapes, notably Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Syrah, as well as indigenous grapes. During the 1970s, producers became dissatisfied with the sluggish pace with which the Italian government was modifying the country’s wine laws, which culminated in the birth of super Tuscan wines. The practice of mixing ‘unsanctioned’ wine varieties (such as Merlot) into their blends to produce high-quality wines began in the late 1800s.
The First Super Tuscan
The most well-known super Tuscan wine is “Tignanello,” which was made by Antinori in 1971 and is the world’s most expensive wine. Tignanello was the first super Tuscan wine, and now it is a mix of 80 percent Sangiovese, 15 percent Cabernet Sauvignon, and 5 percent Cabernet Franc. It was the first super Tuscan wine. Tignanello sells for roughly $80 a bottle, although there are many more excellent super Tuscan wines available now at a lower price. Let’s have a look at how. Purchase the book and receive the course!
Read on to find out more
How to Identify an IGT
When it comes to super Tuscan wines, there is some confusion about what they are because the flavor profiles vary considerably. Wines made entirely of Sangiovese range from fresh and brisk to deep and sumptuous, while those made entirely of Syrah are also available. The Toscana IGT categorization binds them all together, and this designation will appear on the label at all times going forward. Another unusual but effective method of identifying a great Tuscan wine on a wine list is to seek for “named” wines on the list.
On the label of the bottle, many producers choose to use an original name rather than a variety (for example, Sangiovese) or area (for example, Brunello di Montalcino).
Veni, vidi, vici, et cetera!
They make use of a broad array of wine grapes, both indigenous and non-indigenous, to create their wines.
Why do we call them Super Tuscans?
The term “Super Tuscan” was first used in the early 1980s to describe a type of cuisine from Tuscany. We enlisted the help of wine connoisseur James Suckling to find out where the phrase came from. The renowned Italian wine/food writer and intellectual Luigi Veronelli, as well as Burton Anderson, a writer who moved to Tuscany in 1977 to write about the region’s bright future, and David Gleave, a Master of Wine and one of the United Kingdom’s leading experts on Italy, were among those who suggested it might have come from them.
What matters is that growers in Italy were turning heads by producing wines that didn’t fit in with the rest of the country.
Need some Super Tuscan wine recommendations?
Listed below are a few excellent wines to search for on your journey through “Super Tuscany.” “Lucente” is the name of the winery in Toscana where the grapes are grown. It is a mix of about 50% Merlot and 25% Sangiovese with 25% Cabernet Sauvignon added for flavor and structure. ~$20 Each and every year, it receives a great deal of positive feedback. It’s fruit-forward, with dried cherry and plum aromas that linger on the palate, and it has a sweet tannic finish. The Frescobaldi family produces this particular wine.
- ~$26 Sweet plums and cherries combine with tobacco-like wood spice and a rich, lengthy finish to create a delicious wine.
- Tuscany’s Tenuta Sette Ponti “Oreno” is an IGT (Independent Geographical Indication).
- ~$60 While very similar to red blends from Bordeaux and Napa, this wine has the traditional clay-like funk of Italian terroir to complement the flavors of the wine.
- It is part of the Kobrand Wine and Spirits Portfolio, which includes Tenuta Sette Ponti.
$50See the following remark from the tasting note: “It has a moderate to deep ruby red color with lovely smells that emanate from the glass.” Aeration brings forth notes of candied rose petal, chalk dust, baking spice, lavender, and fennel pollen, as well as undertones of bing cherry, satsuma plum, and crushed violets that are softly emerging.
The wine is medium to full-bodied in style, and it has prominent flavors of Ariel Plum, boysenberry, and exquisitely ripe Rainier cherries on the palate.
In addition to having a marvelously lithe acidity and delicate crushed gravel tannins, the Siepi virtually floats across the tongue with seductively sinking cherry, cedarwood and plum fruit tones,” says the winemaker.
What’s a Super Tuscan and is the Term Still Relevant?
Super Tuscans have been around for decades. It was a category that arose out of dissatisfaction with the standard wine-making norms in Italy. Ambitious producers wanted to create innovative styles and experiment outside of the constraints of the Italian appellation system, known as the Denominazione d’Origine Controllata (Controlled Designation of Origin), which was in place at the time (DOC). “Super Tuscan has become associated with high-quality wines from the IGT region,” says Bibi Graetz, a winemaker who produces wine under his own name brand south of Florence.
Brands such as Sassicaia, Tignanello, and Ornellaia gained popularity among wine critics.
During the 1980s, wine enthusiasts drove prices up to the level of collectors’ items. But how has the notion of a super Tuscan changed over the course of a half-century, and is the category still relevant to modern consumers? Photograph by Sara Matthews of the Castiglioncello in Bolgheri
The history of super Tuscans
In the 1960s, the Italians developed the DOC wine appellation system, which was designed after the French AOC system. Each area developed its own set of regulations for viticulture and wine production. Chianti’s DOC/DOCG regulations, for example, were frequently criticized as being too restrictive, such as a prohibition on 100% Sangiovese bottlings. Others were deemed unwise, such as a requirement that inferior local white grapes make up a part of red blends.By the end of the 1960s, a small number of renegades had objected to the laws.
- They also experimented with different age durations as well as other vessels such as cement and tiny oak barrique.
- Innovation came with a price, as were the repercussions.
- Nonetheless, as the wines gained in popularity, officials recognized the flaws of the labeling system.Subscribe to Wine Enthusiast NewslettersReceive the latest news, reviews, recipes, and gear sent to your inbox.Thank you for your subscription!
The super Tuscans pioneers
The companies that were at the forefront of the super Tuscan movement continue to be important players in the industry. In spite of this, adds Graetz, “their weight in the category is still greater than the rest of the manufacturers.” There are three important names to remember: Sassicaia, Tignanello, and Ornellaia. The name Sassicaia, which comes from the Tenuta San Guidoin Bolgheri, translates as “stony place” in Italian. It is a reference to the gravelly soils of the area, which are regarded to be evocative of the Graves and Haut-Médoc regions of Bordeaux.
In 1968, the Sassicaia family launched the first vintage of their wine.
The unknown wine outperformed much of the competition before being confirmed to be an Italian import.
Where The Producers Are
Marchese Piero Antinori, who was also dissatisfied with DOC regulations, establishedTignanellowithin the limits of Chianti Classico. In 1974, he introduced the vineyard-designate wine, which was based on the 1971 vintage. The wine was made up of Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc, and it was matured in French oak barrels for many months. Ornellaia, which is located near Sassicaia, was planted in 1981 by Lodovico Antinori as part of his estate. The first vintage of this wine, which is a mix of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot, was bottled in 1985.
A few years later, a piece of clay-based soil was discovered on the grounds of the Tenuta dell’Ornellaia estate, which had previously been abandoned.
These brands, which are currently both owned by the Frescobaldi Group but are produced in separate wineries, have had long-term success in part because of their wide, brawny characteristics.
In those days, Chianti was often criticized for being thin, acidic, and insipid; yet, they were a revelation when they first appeared. Since then, though, a slew of imitators have emerged, each attempting to recreate the look. Scott Lockheed created the map.
How super Tuscans have evolved
Because there are no tight restrictions in place, Tuscan winemakers have had the freedom to make changes to their wines as they see suitable. In his words, “winemaking has evolved; there is less muscle, more grace, less focus, and more fluidity these days.” Graetz only works with grapes that are 100 percent from Tuscany. In his Testamatta, he uses just Sangiovese Canaiolo grapes, while his Coloré is a combination of Sangiovese Canaiolo and Colorino grapes. In spite of the fact that “my two wines were regarded to be inside the super Tuscan framework,” he claims that they “violate the first rule of super Tuscans.” “They were and are 100 percent Tuscan grapes,” says the narrator.
The town of Bolgheri, in the western area of Maremma, was a marshy blip on the map before to the 1970s, when it became a center for exquisite wine.
Bolgheri’s wines are based on the Bordeaux varietals Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and/or Merlot in any proportion, with a maximum of 50 percent Sangiovese or Syrahallowed added for flavor and structure.
According to Carrie Lyn Strong, wine director at Casa Leverin New York City, “I believe winemakers are attempting to develop their own distinct styles rather of being lumped together under an umbrella label like’super Tuscan.'” “On top of that, we don’t use this title on our menu,” she clarifies.
- “In the case of Tuscany, the ability to put Toscana on the label means something to customers,” explains Amy Ezrin, consultant for the Italian Trade AgencyNew York Office and manager of the Wine Desk.
- However, if you mention Bolgheri to a large number of wine drinkers, you may as well say Bulgaria.
- The wines are “just what they claim to be,” she adds, adding that they are frequently created with the same varietals that are typically found in domestic versions.
- The category’s early adopters may continue to associate it with fantastical titles, exorbitant costs, and ageworthiness, or they may just recognize the names of the companies who make the products.
The acceptance of novel appellations is growing, although there are still significant strides to be made.
What is a “super Tuscan” wine?
Greetings, Dr. Vinny. Sassicaia, the Wine Spectator’s 2018 Wine of the Year, is considered a “super Tuscan,” correct? What exactly does this mean? Is it true that all great Tuscans are Cabernets? What about white super Tuscans, assuming they don’t already exist? — Jeff from Dover, Delaware. Greetings, Jeff You are correct in saying that Sassicaia is a fantastic Tuscan! In fact, it is considered to be one of the wines that sparked the entire super Tuscan craze. All of this began in the 1940s when Marchesi Mario Incisa della Rocchetta relocated to the Bolgheri region of Tuscany and decided that he wanted to make wines more in the style of Bordeaux rather than with Tuscany’s dominant Sangiovese grape, which was at the time the dominant grape variety in the region.
Incisa della Rocchetta’s nephew Piero Antinori and his enologist Giacomo Tachis, who helped develop the wine and recommended the addition of Cabernet Sauvignon, another Bordeaux grape, were drawn to it despite their little production.
The rest, as they say, is history.
Consequently, no, not all super Tuscans are created from Cabernet Sauvignon; for example, Ornellaia’s Masseto, Tua Rita’s Redigaffi, and Le Macchiole’s Messorio are all made entirely from Merlot.
The phrase was used to any wine that did not fulfill DOC requirements, which in Chianti Classico included those that did not include white grapes in the mix, those that did not utilize 100 percent Sangiovese, and those that did not adhere to the same winemaking or aging regulations as the DOC.
As a result of these wines’ failure to qualify for existing appellation status under Tuscany’s various Denominazione di Origine Controllata (D.O.C.) laws, they were initially labeled as simplevino da tavola, or “table wine,” which is typically reserved for the lowest quality wines in Italy.
In modern times, the majority of super Tuscans employ the IGT (Indicazione Geografica Tipica) certification or the Bolgheri DOC appellation, which was established in 1994 for red wines made from foreign grape types.
And, yes, there are white super Tuscans; they’re just not as popular as they should be. Ornellaia has recently introduced a Toscana Bianco made from Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier, which is available for purchase. —Vinny, the doctor
10 Super Tuscan Wines Your Collection Needs
When it comes to expanding your wine collection, it is important to seek for the greatest wines from all around the world. Super Tuscan wines should absolutely be included in your collection, whether you are looking for wines that will age well and have outstanding flavor, or if you are looking for wines that will fetch a higher price tag for investment purposes.
What Is a Super Tuscan Wine?
When it comes to expanding your wine collection, it is important to seek out the greatest wines available from across the world. Super Tuscan wines should undoubtedly be included in your collection, whether you are looking for wines that will age well and have outstanding flavor, or if you are looking for wines that will fetch a higher price tag as an investment.
All About the Tuscan Wine Region
In the province of Tuscany, you’ll find profoundly rolling hillsides and meandering rural roads, with its western side bordering the Tyrrhenian and Ligurian seas and its eastern side nestled high in the Apennine Mountains on the country’s eastern edge. This region has been renowned for its wine production for hundreds of years, particularly for the production of red wines such as Chianti and Brunello di Montalcino, which are both produced in this region. The climate offers a great deal of variety, with generally Mediterranean warmth at the coasts and milder inland temperatures that correspond to the elevation gain in the inland regions.
Since the 1970s, more and more international grape types have been available.
San Gimignano is located inside the Chianti area and is known mostly for its white wine production.
The following are ten wines that are well-known for their Super Tuscan wine origin.
1. Tenuta San Guido “Sassicaia”
Sassicaia, widely regarded as the first Super Tuscan wine, began life in the 1940s as a private wine for friends and family of the Tenuta San Guido farm in Bolgheri, where it was first produced. It first arrived on the market with the 1968 vintage and quickly gained enormous popularity. With the first vintage, they used an 85 percent Cabernet Sauvignon and 15 percent Cabernet Franc mix, and that has remained the same with each successive vintage thereafter. This kind is recognized for having a medium to full body with a strong berry, chocolate, and spice flavor profile.
2. Tua Rita “Redigaffi”
Sassicaia, widely regarded as the first Super Tuscan wine, began life in the 1940s as a private wine for friends and family of the Tenuta San Guido farm in Bolgheri. In 1968, it made its commercial debut and quickly gained widespread acceptance. With the first vintage, they used an 85 percent Cabernet Sauvignon and 15 percent Cabernet Franc mix, and that has remained the same with each new vintage thereafter.
It is recognized for having a medium to full body with a lot of berry, chocolate, and spice characteristics in its aromas and flavors.
3. Antinori “Solaia”
Antinori, which is located inland in the Chianti Classico subregion of Chianti, originally launched its Solaia in 1978. Antinori is a family-owned business founded in 1978. At the time, the wine was made in the traditional Bordeaux style, with 80 percent Cabernet Sauvignon and the remaining 20 percent Cabernet Franc in the mix. By 1980, the mix had been altered to incorporate 20 percent Sangiovese, with the remaining 75 percent Cabernet Sauvignon and 5 percent Cabernet Franc forming the remaining 75 percent.
4. Le Macchiole “Messorio”
Bolgheri-based Following the success of their debut wine, Paleo Rosso, Le Macchiole began making Messorio in 1994. Their Messorio wine was originally and continues to be made entirely of Merlot, which imparts rich tannins and powerful flavors of cherries, flowers, spices, and espresso to the finished product. Messorio is aged for approximately 18 to 20 months in new oak barrels, and it shows excellent development over time.
5. Tenuta dell’Ornellaia “Ornellaia”
Tenuta dell’Ornellaia, located in the village of Bolgheri on the Tuscan coast, focuses on producing wines that highlight the greatest characteristics of the region’s Mediterranean climate. Ornellaia is a combination of 80 percent Cabernet Sauvignon, 15 percent Merlot, and 5 percent Cabernet Franc that was first released in 1985 by the company. This mix stayed mostly unchanged until 2003, when Petit Verdot was introduced, as well as a more balanced combination — with Cabernet Sauvignon being the dominant grape variety.
6. Antinori “Tignanello”
Tignanello, along with Sassicaia, is often regarded as one of the earliest of the contemporary Super Tuscan varietals. It was created in 1971 from a unique blend of Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc grown at Antinori’s Chianti Classico-region vineyard. The wine is normally composed of 80 percent Sangiovese, however the percentages fluctuate from vintage to vintage. Tignanello is still widely coveted for its complex notes of cherry, rose, and other flowers, berries, minerals, herbs, and toasty spices, as well as its rich texture and body.
7. Fontodi “Flaccianello della Pieve”
Fontodi, located in the Chianti Classico region near Panzano, produces a high-quality Sangiovese that is recognized as a leader among the Bordeaux-style Super Tuscan wines. The first vintage of the 100 percent Sangiovese Flaccianello, produced in 1981, originated from a single vineyard; in 2001, the source was broadened to include the finest grapes from the whole crop. It is aged in oak barrels for 24 months, releasing a complex blend of flavors including black currant, fragrant herbs, minerals, mushrooms, and ripe cherries.
8. Castello di Ama “L’Apparita”
For almost 30 years, Castello di Ama has been producing the rich 100% Merlot wine L’Apparita in the hills surrounding the town of Ama in the Chianti Classico region of Tuscany. The estate was the first in the region to make a 100% Merlot wine, and it was also the first to adopt a vertical-growing open lyre vine system, which served to establish the benchmark for high-quality grapes in the region.
A year and a half after harvest, L’Apparita is bottled, revealing balanced tannins and acidity, along with notes of plums and other fresh fruit, chocolate, and faint violets.
9. Antinori “Guado al Tasso”
Antinori’s farm in Bolgheri, on the Tuscan coast, makes Guado al Tasso, a mix that is predominantly of Bordeaux style. From its debut bottling in 1990 to its last bottling in 2006, Guado al Tasso used Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah grapes. After seven years, the estate decided to eliminate Syrah from the mix and replace it with Cabernet Franc. Today, this Super Tuscan wine is graceful and supple, with robust fruits, rich spices, tobacco and licorice flavors, as well as tobacco and licorice notes.
10. Tenuta dell’Ornellaia “Masseto”
Antinori’s farm in Bolgheri, on the Tuscan coast, produces Guado al Tasso, a mix that is mostly of Bordeaux origin. From its initial bottling in 1990 through its last bottling in 2006, Guado al Tasso used Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah grapes. Cabernet Franc replaced Syrah in the mix by 2007, when the estate decided to discontinue production of the grape variety. Super Tuscan wines are graceful and supple today, with robust fruits and spices like as tobacco and licorice, as well as sophisticated flavors.
What are Super Tuscan Wines?
“Super Tuscan” is a wine word that you may have heard or read about but haven’t really understood what it implies, aren’t we right? So, what precisely is the definition of “Super Tuscany” in this context? Wines from Tuscany that are intentionally made with non-indigenous and non-accepted grape varietals or grape blends, or with viticultural production techniques that “break the rules” of the local Italian wine appellations (known as DOCs and DOCGs) are known as super Tuscan wines. They are generally very expensive wines.
- These are signature wines produced by wineries that are dissatisfied with the bureaucratic restrictions and rules imposed by local regulatory boards, and who are content to create their wine masterpieces without the use of the appellation stamp.
- The concept of Super Tuscans enables vintners to express their individuality while still adhering to the rigid rules of the Italian appellation system.
- This was the forerunner; it was created by Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta della Rocchetta near Bolgheri and the Tyrrhenian coast and was the first to be produced in large quantities.
- After his nephew Piero Antinori persuaded him to sell some of his 1968 vintages, Sassicaia rose to legendary status, placing first in a blind test in London in 1978 among the world’s top Cabernet Sauvignons (there were 33 of them).
- Tignanello, a combination of 80 percent Sangiovese, 15 percent Cabernet Sauvignon, and 5 percent Cabernet Franc, was established by the Antinori family in 1971.
- L’establishment Tignanello is situated in the center of the lovely Chianti Classico appellation area in Tuscany.
- This type of wine was initially recognized and marketed under the designation of “vino dell’aria,” or “table wine,” at the time of its creation.
It was decided to discontinue the use of the table wine classification for vintage-dated wines, and the Italian government established a new appellation in 1992: the Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT).
There are certain limits, although they are extremely simple in nature.
The Bolgheri DOC (designated geographical indication) was established in 1984 (but only for white and rosé wines), and the sub-appellations Bolgheri Superiore DOC and Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC for red wines were approved in 1994.
Among the Super Tuscans, Sassicaia is the only one to have earned its own sub-appellation, and it is also the only wine in Italy to do so.
The producers ultimately elected to remain under the IGT designation, despite their reservations at first.
Regardless, it quickly established a household brand in the wine industry.
They are renowned for their rich color, full-bodied texture, and ability to provide good balance.
They have a greater ability to withstand the ravages of time. Super Tuscans are widely regarded as one of the world’s most excellent wines, despite their unique classification. Wine reviewers, collectors, and customers all recognize them as such.
Top Super Tuscan Producers:
- Tua Rita is a collection of Antinori, Avignonesi, Biserno, Castello di Ama, Castello di Luce della Vitte, Masseto, Montevertine, Ornellaia, Tenuta San Guido, and Tua Rita.
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Tuscany’s ten most costly Super Tuscan wines, as well as the best wine hotels in the region Discover the top ten winery experiences in Tuscany. The Age of the Sangiovese Wine; Brunello di Montalcino’s Top 10 Best Wines;
A Brief History of Tuscan Wine
Super Tuscans are a type of wine produced in Tuscany, Italy, and are named after the region in which they are produced. The phrase “super Tuscan” first became popular in the 1980s when it was coined. The name simply refers to a red wine from Tuscany; however, the grapes used to manufacture the wine do not have to be indigenous to Italy in order for it to be considered such. Antinori produced the first known super Tuscan wine in 1971, and it was named after the company. This idea resulted from the desire of Italian winemakers to create a wine that did not fall under the jurisdiction of the country’s wine rules, known as Denominazione d’Origine Controllata.
The Essential Features of Tuscan Wines
When someone inquires as to “what exactly is a fantastic Tuscan wine?” There are a couple of characteristics that must be present. First and foremost, the wine must come from Tuscany. Furthermore, a super Tuscan is usually a red blend, and the grapes Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon are among the most commonly used in the production of super Tuscans.
The Flavor Profile of Tuscan Wine
The question “what is a fantastic Tuscan wine?” comes up rather frequently. Some characteristics must be present in order for it to be valid. Tuscany is a requirement for the first wine. Another point to mention is that super Tuscan wine is almost usually a red mix, with the most frequent grapes used in super Tuscans being Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Top 5 Affordable Super-Tuscan Wines
Wines from some of Italy’s most celebrated producers do not conform to government regulations governing the aging and mixing of wines. They are referred to as “super-Tuscans.” 1st Place: Castello Banfi Centine Toscana 2005 ($12) 2nd Place: Given that some top super-Tuscans sell for $250, this Sangiovese-Cabernet Sauvignon-Merlot blend provides a first-class trip for less than the cost of a taxi cab. It has a diverse flavor profile that includes blackberry, plum, espresso, licorice, bittersweet chocolate, vanilla, and tar, among others.
This one is a wonderful deal, and it’s perfect for a Saturday supper or leftovers on Monday.
|Meaty Recipe Pairing:||Meatless Recipe Pairing:|
|Pasta with Sausage, Tomatoes, and MushroomsSangiovese’s acidity matches the tang of the tomatoes, and the tannins in Cabernet and Merlot slice through the fat of the sausage, refreshing the palate.||Polenta and Black Bean CasseroleThe wine has a pleasant earthiness that complements the same notes in the black beans; the tannins hold up against the spicy cilantro, chiles and salsa verde.|
2. Podere Brancaia Tre Rosso Toscana 2005 ($22) from the Toscana region of Italy. The term “Tre Rosso” refers to three different red wines: Sangiovese, Merlot, and Cabernet Sauvignon. This is a popular super-T recipe, however it comes at an unusually high price for what it is. Tre Rosso, like its older brother, La Brancaia Il Blu ($70), is made from grapes cultivated ontreestates in Castellina, Radda, and Morellino di Scansano, and is produced in the same manner. The flavor is medium-bodied, rich, and jam-packed with wild berry and black cherry fruit, all of which is nicely tempered by silky tannins.
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|Spicy Chicken CacciatoreYou can also use Tre Rosso in the recipe, which unites the flavors. One-quarter-cup of wine in the skillet leaves plenty to serve with the meal.||Pasta with Butternut Squash and SageThis Sangiovese-based wine won’t overwhelm the delicate texture of the squash because the cheese (use fresh-grated Italian parmigiano) adds richness.|
3. Tenuta Sette Ponti is a winery in Tuscany. Crognolo Toscana 2004 ($35) is a red wine from Tuscany. Sette Ponti, so named because of the “seven bridges” that span the Arno River on the route connecting Arezzo and Florence, used to sell its grapes to Antinori and other wineries until it began producing its own wine in 1997.
The Crognolo mix is made up of Sangiovese and Merlot grapes, which combine to produce a full-bodied, powerful wine. With juicy red cherry and blackberry fruit, licorice and spice undertones, zesty acidity, and a long and generous finish, this is a delicious wine.
|Meaty Recipe Pairing:||Meatless Recipe Pairing:|
|Tuscan-Style Pork RoastThe Tuscan flavors of garlic and rosemary call for a sturdy red from the same region. The wine’s tannins and acidity stand up to the dense texture of the pork.||Mozzarella-Stuffed Grilled PortobellosThe Sangiovese in the wine gives it an earthy character, complementing the rustic flavors of the mushrooms; a balsamic vinegar adds sweetness.|
4. Tenuta dell’Ornellaia (Ornellaia Estate) Le Serre Nuove Bolgheri 2005 ($54) is a red wine from Bolgheri, Italy. Can’t afford the fabled Ornellaia, which sells for $175 a bottle? Then try Tenuta dell’Ornellaia’s “second label,” Le Serre Nuove, a blend of Merlot’s silky, luscious plum fruit with Cabernet Sauvignon’s structure, cassis, and herbal notes for a deliciously complex experience. Despite the fact that this medium to full-bodied wine is supple and fresh-tasting, it retains enough tannic grip to cut through even the most hearty of red meat dishes.
|Meaty Recipe Pairing:||Meatless Recipe Pairing:|
|Lamb Shanks with Tomatoes and Fresh HerbsThe liberal use of fresh herbs with the meat mirrors the leafy, herbaceous notes in the Cabernet portion of the blend.||Wild Mushroom LasagneThis casserole needs a wine with layers of flavor; Le Serra Nuove’s tannins are firm enough to handle the lasagne’s silky richness, yet smooth.|
4. Tenuta dell’Ornellaia (The Ornellaia’s Vineyard) – The 2005 vintage of Le Serre Nuove Bolgheri ($54) is a delicious wine. Not able to spend $175 on the renowned Ornellaia? Then try Tenuta dell’Ornellaia’s “second label,” Le Serre Nuove, a blend of Merlot’s rich, juicy plum fruit with Cabernet Sauvignon’s structure, cassis, and herbal notes for a deliciously complex wine. Despite its suppleness and freshness, this medium to full-bodied wine retains enough tannic grip to cut through the most hearty of red meats.
|Meaty Recipe Pairing:||Meatless Recipe Pairing:|
|Braised Veal ShanksThis osso buco calls for a princely, complex wine. Use a less expensive Chianti Classico in the preparation, and savor every ounce of Tignanello with the veal.||Truffled Red Wine Risotto with Parmesan BrothThe risotto includes Pinot Noir, yet the dish is substantial enough for a Tignanello. Parmesan, beef broth, and truffle butter need a gutsy wine.|
In addition to being the West Coast correspondent for Decantermagazine and jancisrobinson.com, Sonoma County wine writer Linda Murphy was the former wine editor at The San Francisco Chronicle and the former managing editor of WineToday.com, The New York Times’ wine Web site. She lives in Sonoma County.
Wines of Italy: What’s A Super Tuscan? Plus The Top 3 Super Tuscans To Try Now
When it comes to Italian wines, “Super Tuscan” is a term that is frequently used. But what exactly is a Super Tuscan, and which ones should you be consuming? Photograph courtesy of the Wine School of Philadelphia
What is a Super Tuscan?
When it comes to Italian wines, “Super Tuscan” is a term that is frequently used. But what exactly is a Super Tuscan, and which ones should you be looking for? Wine School of Philadelphia provided the image.
The Freedom of Making Super Tuscan Wines
It is worth noting that IGTs, in contrast to Chianti and Chianti Classico, are subject to extremely few laws and limitations. Wines from the IGT region from which they are certified must include a minimum of 85% grapes from that region, but they are not required to label their bottles with the grape varietals contained in the mix, nor are they required to be traditional, indigenous Italian varietals. This implies that, unlike the DOC, the IGTs can employ a range of grapes, including Sangiovese, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, and others, as long as they were cultivated in the region.
They fall between between table wines and DOC wines in terms of both quality and price range.
Super Tuscans are the more costly versions of the Tuscans.
Super Tuscans are a Super Investment
The grape varietal, vinification method, age period, and final mix are all entirely up to the discretion of the winemaker. Because of this independence, the winemaker is able to demonstrate his or her full expertise, which is why Super Tuscans have become synonymous with the region.
This makes them excellent investments for collectors since their value grows as each vintage represents a distinct expression of the winemaker’s style, and as each vintage becomes scarce, the value of the wine increases as well.
Top 3 Super Tuscan Wines You Should Be Drinking Right Now
(Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Cabernet Grigio)
Marchesi Antinori Tignanello 2015 Toscana IGT
Wines from the Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc grape varieties
Tua Rita 2011 Redigaffi Toscana IGT
(Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Sangiovese, etc.)
Top Super Tuscan wines
You may have heard the phrase ‘Super Tuscan’ before, and that’s because it’s used to characterize some of Tuscany’s most celebrated red wines, like Tignanello, Sassicaia, and Ornellaia, among others. The wines are high-quality reds and whites that are typically expensive since they are manufactured from non-indigenous grape types or mixes that are not permitted under Tuscan appellation rules.
In the 1960s, several Tuscan winemakers began experimenting with non-indigenous Bordeaux grape types like as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot, which were imported from Bordeaux. Sassicaia is widely regarded as the original Super Tuscan wine. Originally made for private consumption by the Marchese Mario Incisa della Rochetta, the wine has been produced in Bolgheri, on the Tuscan coast, since 1948 from Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc vines that were planted in a region that had not previously been considered particularly worthwhile wine country but was ideal for the French varieties.
As a result, a movement of quality-conscious Chianti producers got underway.
Due to the fact that these wines from both within and outside of Chianti were able to rise beyond their poor Vino da Tavola rank, they became known collectively as Super Tuscans.
Super Tuscans are now eligible for IGT, DOC, and DOCG designations. For example, Sassicaia has its own sub-appellation, Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC, and the IGT classification was established in 1992 expressly to recognize the superiority of these ‘outsider’ wines due to their unique characteristics. Laws governing Chianti have since been altered in an effort to entice the three Super Tuscans from the Classico zone – Tignanello, Cepparello, and Flaccianello – to return to the appellation.
As a result, adjustments to blend requirements have been made, and white grapes have been banned entirely since 2006. Despite the fact that these three wines may be labeled as Chianti Classico DOCG, they have stayed under the IGT classification for the time being.
Top Super Tuscan wines reviewed by Decanter’s experts:
I’m a great lover of wines that question the established quo, and the Super Tuscan winemakers of the 1970s achieved just that. Vintners throughout the world are increasingly daring to deviate from traditional winemaking practices, and this trend is expected to continue. Especially when they’re defying standards as rigorous as those of those maintained by the Denominazione di Origine Controllata in Chianti, Tuscany, Italy, which is a protected designation of origin.
Defining “Super Tuscan”
I’m a great lover of wines that question the existing quo, and the Super Tuscan winemakers accomplished just that throughout the 1970s. Vintners throughout the world are increasingly daring to deviate from traditional winemaking practices, and the number of them is expanding. even when they are defying laws as rigorous as those enforced by the Denominazione di Origine Controllata (Controlled Designation of Origin) in the Tuscan region of Italy.
How Did “Super Tuscan” Come About?
There’s a rather lengthy backstory behind this, but for the sake of keeping this piece brief and to the point, let’s just say it all started with Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta in the early 1900s. During the 1940s, the majority of Italian Chianti wines were made in huge numbers for distribution inside the country. The majority of these wines were of a low quality. They mandated that Tuscan winemakers comply to a tight set of restrictions over the course of the production process. In response to his dissatisfaction with the quality of wines as well as his frustration with the allowed winemaking procedures, Rocchetta felt the need to break the mold.
- This was in contrast to many of the Tuscan vineyards at the time.
- A area that Winetraveler had the pleasure of visiting lately at the Giovanni Chiappini Winery in Tuscany.
- While it took some time for Rocchetta to figure out how to create high-quality Sassicaia, he eventually figured out the best technique for doing so.
- In 1968, Rocchetta was approached by Piero Antinori, who was connected to him, and asked if he would be interested in allowing any of his distributors to market his new product.
- To help Rocchetta’s new sort of wine acquire some actual exposure, the family’s well-known winemaking business extended an invitation to him.
- Antinori took Sassicaia a step further and began experimenting with different concentrations of grapes around Tuscany’s Bolgheri Coast, which eventually led to the creation of Antinori.
- Antinori was able to charge high rates for his new designs because of his ability to demonstrate the superiority of his goods through effective marketing strategies.
In reality, the IGT designation was established by Italy in 1992, owing in large part to Antinori’s influence and success in producing exceptional “Super” Tuscan wines during the previous decade. RELATED: Visit the Marchesi Antinori Winery in Tuscany with these instructions.
What Do Super Tuscan Wines Taste Like?
Because there are so many distinct winemaking processes and grape concentrations used in the creation of Super Tuscans, there is no one flavor profile that can be applied to all of them. Super Tuscans are often evocative of many outstanding big-bodied and fruit driven Cabernets and red blends from the Central and Northern California wine regions, and this is especially true of the best examples. Black and crimson fruit are frequently found in this blend, which has a refreshing acidity and a substantial texture.
How to Find Super Tuscan’s
When you’re at the liquor shop looking for a good Super Tuscan, the bottle isn’t going to inform you that it’s made from grapes. Keep an eye out for wines from Tuscany that have earned the IGT designation. This is frequently depicted directly on the front of the bottle, which is typical practice. Many”IGT Toscana”wines will typically contain at least 85 percent Sangiovese, with the remaining being made up of a variety of Bordeaux-style grape types in variable proportions to complete the blend.
Tenuta di Capezzana, located in Carmignano, is one of our current favorite producers of both IGT and DOCG wines.
How Much do Super Tuscan’s Cost?
A significant portion of Super Tuscan Wines are still extremely expensive, in line with the tradition established by Piero Antinori while producing wines under the vDT Classification. Many of them can cost in excess of $100, which is not unusual. However, while these high-priced wines are unquestionably of high quality, you can now purchase excellent Super Tuscan wines for less than $30 per bottle. All you have to do now is spend a little more time exploring, investigating, and tasting wines from Tuscany.
More Ways To Learn About Italian Wine and Explore Italian Wine Regions
Itinerary for the Franciacorta Wine Region: Discover Italy’s BeautifulUnder-Valued Sparkling Wines Learn More About the Wine Region of Puglia in Italy. There are ten charming Italian towns that you must see. What to Do in Rome for Three Days Collio: One of the World’s Most Unique White Wine Regions 15 Beautiful Castles in Europe You Must Visit 15 Beautiful Castles in Europe You Must Visit 15 Beautiful Castles in Europe You Must Visit 10 Things You Must Do in Milan If You Only Have One Day Establishing a Winery in a Foreign Country: What You Need to Know In Italy, you may get your wine fix for free from a wine fountain.
A Wine Enthusiast’s Guide to Visiting the Cinque Terre Wine Region in Italy
Great Value Wines: Super Tuscans under $30
The phrase “Super Tuscan” was coined when some wineries from the famed Italian region ignored the tight restrictions of the DOC laws yet still managed to produce top wines with outlawed grape varieties, making even the best Chianti Classico and Brunello di Montalcino producers shudder. Traditionalism and innovation clashed violently in Italy throughout the 1970s at the period of this conflict. Today, Super Tuscan wines contain some of the most imposing brands in the wine industry, with a global reputation.
However, there are several reasonably priced “Super Tuscans” to choose from as well.
Super Tuscans may now be found in a variety of appellations and classifications, including IGT, DOC, and DOCG, among others.
Chianti was pushed the hardest by this trend, and it altered its restrictions multiple times, ultimately letting producers to manufacture 100 percent sangiovese in 1996.
Super Tuscans were primarily responsible for bringing New World inclusivity to an Old World mindset, notably through their willingness to accept Cabernet mix characteristics.
To this day, many producers still choose Toscana IGT status in order to keep their options open and allow them to concentrate on quality and the style they choose.
In other words, the term “indocile” wine, which was developed originally to refer to these previously “indocile” wines, today refers to a wide range of styles, from Bordeaux blends to pure Sangiovese to 100 percent Syrah, or any other unique combinations.
They represent only a tiny portion of the excellent prices available in this area, which will undoubtedly leave customers’ lips watering.
JS95 – Petrolo Valdarno di Sopra Torrione 2018 – Available for purchase at KLWines.com for $24.99 (Pre-arrival) JS94 Tolaini Toscana Al Passo 2017– Tolaini Toscana Al Passo Wine.com has a price of $23.99 for this bottle.
Crognolo 2018– JS94, Crognolo 2018– Available atZachys.com for $21.99 and at Viino for $24.99, respectively (Available only by 12 bottles) Argentiera International Price: $29 for the Bolgheri Villa Donoratico 2018– JS94 (Japan).
JS93 – Maremma Toscana – 2019.
Le Volte dell’Ornellaia 2018– JS93Available atKLWines.com for $21.99 Available atVivino for $24.38 Available atJJBuckley for $27.94 Available atKLWines.com for $21.99 Available atJJBuckley for $27.94 Montepeloso Costa Toscana is a town in Tuscany, Italy.
Available at Zachys.com for $24.99 a bottle, I Greppi Bolgheri Rosso Greppicante 2018– JS93 Tenuta Campo al Mare Bolgheri 2018– JS93 is available for purchase at Wine.com for $24.99.
(Bordeaux blend) Tenuta di Biserno Toscana is a Tuscan winery located in the town of Biserno Toscana. For $29.99, you may get JS93, which is the 2019 edition of the Campo di Sasso Insoglio della Cinghiale.