Research suggests that drinking an occasional glass of red wine is good for you. It provides antioxidants, may promote longevity, and can help protect against heart disease and harmful inflammation, among other benefits. Interestingly, red wine likely has higher levels of antioxidants than white wine.
- Wine contains ethanol (alcohol), which blocks various nerve pathways in the brain. It also contains chemicals that might have beneficial effects on the heart and blood circulation such as antioxidant effects, and preventing blood platelets from forming clots. Uses Effectiveness?
- 1 What happens if you drink wine everyday?
- 2 What does wine do to a woman?
- 3 What good does wine do for body?
- 4 Is it OK to drink a bottle of wine a night?
- 5 Does wine have side effects?
- 6 Does wine cause belly fat?
- 7 Is wine good for skin?
- 8 Is wine good for period?
- 9 Does wine make you gain weight?
- 10 Is wine good for your stomach?
- 11 Does wine help you sleep?
- 12 What is the healthiest alcohol?
- 13 How do I stop drinking wine every night?
- 14 What is the healthiest wine to drink?
- 15 Red wine: Benefits and risks
- 16 Why Wine is Damaging Our Body More Than We Thought
- 17 Is Alcohol Good for Health?
- 18 Problems with Binge Drinking
- 19 Does Alcohol Cause Cancer?
- 20 How does wine cause cancer?
- 21 Alcohol Causes Cirrhosis
- 22 What Other Complications Could Wine Cause?
- 23 Do not drink for health
- 24 References and Further Reading
- 25 Further Reading
- 26 The truth about red wine and heart health
- 27 Get the latest health information from Mayo Clinic’s experts.
- 28 Advertisement
- 29 What a Glass of Wine a Day Does to Your Body
- 30 Benefits of Drinking a Glass of Wine a Day
- 30.1 Boosts Antioxidants
- 30.2 May Limit Atherosclerosis
- 30.3 Increases ‘Good’ Cholesterol
- 30.4 Decreases Risk of Heart Disease
- 30.5 Lessens Risk of Heart Attack
- 30.6 May Reduce Risk of Stroke
- 30.7 Good for Your Gut
- 30.8 Lowers Stress and Anxiety
- 30.9 Lessens Likelihood of Gallstones
- 30.10 Decreases Diabetes Risk
- 31 Possible Health Risks of Drinking Wine
- 32 To Drink or Not to Drink?
- 33 Moderation Is Key
- 34 Effects of Alcohol on the Body
- 34.1 Digestive and endocrine glands
- 34.2 Inflammatory damage
- 34.3 Sugar levels
- 34.4 Central nervous system
- 34.5 Digestive system
- 34.6 Circulatory system
- 34.7 Sexual and reproductive health
- 34.8 Skeletal and muscle systems
- 34.9 Immune system
- 34.10 Alcohol-induced mental health conditions
- 34.11 Dependence
- 34.12 Alcohol withdrawal
What happens if you drink wine everyday?
Long-term, excessive drinking can also affect the muscles of your heart and increase the risk of stroke. Excessive consumption of wine can also contribute to weight gain, which can increase the risk of heart disease.
What does wine do to a woman?
Another study found that drinking a moderate amount of red wine actually increases blood flow to women’s’ erogenous zones, and could increase lubrication. The study also found that women who drank red wine had a higher sex drive than those who drank another type of alcohol.
What good does wine do for body?
Red wine, in moderation, has long been thought of as heart healthy. The alcohol and certain substances in red wine called antioxidants may help prevent coronary artery disease, the condition that leads to heart attacks. Any links between red wine and fewer heart attacks aren’t completely understood.
Is it OK to drink a bottle of wine a night?
Ultimately, it is not encouraged to consume a bottle of wine within a night. However, it can be beneficial to drink slightly less than one full glass per day. To learn more about drinking limits and intoxication, contact our substance abuse and mental health professionals by calling 866-345-2147 or visiting us here.
Does wine have side effects?
However, experts say that regular wine consumption could have serious side effects for your heart, including atrial fibrillation, a type of rapid, sometimes irregular, heartbeat.
Does wine cause belly fat?
Truth be told, from what we can tell, wine doesn’t have any more impact on the waistline than any other alcoholic drink. In fact, red wine might actually be recommended for beating back the belly fat.
Is wine good for skin?
Antioxidants in red wine, such as flavonoid, resveratrol, and tannin, help to slow down the ageing process by preserving collagen and elastic fibers. It also reduces fine lines and wrinkles, and hence, provides a boost to a sagging skin.
Is wine good for period?
The alcohol content in red wine increases blood circulation, restricting the formation of blood clots. Menstrual cramps happen due to the low flow of blood during the time of menses. Red wine is much better than the white one, as it warms the body.
Does wine make you gain weight?
Drinking too much wine can cause you to consume more calories than you burn, which can lead to weight gain. What’s more, calories from alcohol are typically considered empty calories, since most alcoholic drinks do not provide substantial amounts of vitamins, minerals, or other nutrients.
Is wine good for your stomach?
Red wine could be good for the gut, increasing the number of different types of helpful bacteria that can live there, according to researchers. The benefits are likely to come from polyphenols – compounds that white wine, beer and cider have far less of, the King’s College London team says.
Does wine help you sleep?
Myth 2. A glass of wine before bed will help you get a better night’s rest. The Truth: Because alcohol is a sedative, drinking wine, beer or other alcoholic beverages may help you fall asleep, but as little as two drinks can cause you to sleep less restfully and wake up more frequently.
What is the healthiest alcohol?
When it comes to a healthier alcohol, red wine is top of the list. Red wine contains antioxidants, which can protect your cells from damage, and polyphenols, which can promote heart health. White wine and rose contain those too, just in smaller quantities.
How do I stop drinking wine every night?
Strategies to help you stop drinking alcohol every night Get rid of any alcohol in your house to reduce the temptation. Tell people that you aren’t drinking alcohol every night – if people are aware that you’re cutting back, they will be more likely to help you do so.
What is the healthiest wine to drink?
Pinot Noir is rated as the healthiest wine because of the high levels of resveratrol. It is made of grapes with thin skin, has low sugar, fewer calories, and low alcohol content. Sagrantino made in Italy contains the highest concentration of antioxidants and is packed with tannins.
Red wine: Benefits and risks
Drinking red wine is said to provide health advantages since it contains potent antioxidants, and numerous sources support this assertion. What has been discovered through research? Researchers have conducted significant research into the potential health advantages of wine — particularly red wine — in order to determine if they exist. This article examines the research supporting the health advantages of red wine, as well as health cautions, and considers whether or not individuals should consume the beverage.
Regular use of red wine in moderation may be beneficial to one’s cardiovascular health.
The monasteries of the Middle Ages thought that their monks lived longer lives in part as a result of their regular, moderate use of wine.
According to a 2018 research, although there are currently no official guidelines on these advantages, drinking red wine in moderation has been shown to be associated with the following benefits:
- Cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension, some forms of cancer, type 2 diabetes, neurological problems, and metabolic syndrome are all conditions that affect the cardiovascular system.
The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and lipid-regulating properties of red wine may account for some of the health advantages associated with it. Red wine, which is created from crushed black grapes, is a relatively strong source of resveratrol, a natural antioxidant found in the skin of grapes that has been linked to cardiovascular disease. Antioxidants help to minimize the effects of oxidative stress on the body. Oxidative stress has been shown to be associated with a variety of disorders, including cancer and heart disease.
- Whole grapes and berries are stronger sources of resveratrol than red wine, and because of the health hazards associated with alcohol use, obtaining antioxidants through foods is likely to be more beneficial than consuming wine.
- Having said that, when it comes to choosing between alcoholic beverages, red wine may be more beneficial than other choices.
- Many studies have been conducted over the years that have demonstrated a favourable relationship between moderate red wine consumption and excellent heart health.
- The authors came to the conclusion that red wine may have cardioprotective properties.
- Other considerations may be relevant.
They also point out that drinking too much alcohol might have a negative impact on one’s heart. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that people limit their alcohol consumption to moderate levels in order to remain safe. Moderate drinking is defined as:
- The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and lipid-regulating properties of red wine may contribute to its health advantages. Resveratrol, a natural antioxidant found in the skin of grapes, is found in relatively high concentrations in red wine, which is created from crushed dark grapes. Increasing the intake of antioxidants can help to minimize oxidative stress. Numerous illnesses, including cancer and heart disease, have been linked to oxidative stress. Fruits, nuts, and vegetables are among the numerous foods that are high in antioxidants and hence good for you. Whole grapes and berries are stronger sources of resveratrol than red wine, and because of the health hazards associated with drinking alcohol, obtaining antioxidants through foods is likely to be more beneficial than consuming alcohol in its pure form. Getting enough resveratrol to have an impact may need a large amount of red wine consumption, which may be detrimental rather than beneficial. Red wine, on the other hand, may be more healthier than other alcoholic beverages when deciding whether to drink. A closer examination of the potential health advantages of red wine is provided in the following sections. The use of modest amounts of red wine has been linked to improved cardiovascular health in several research conducted over the years. The use of red wine, according to a recent assessment, is associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease, which is a significant cause of disease and mortality in the United States. The authors came to the conclusion that red wine may have cardioprotective properties. [source: journal] Such studies, according to the American Heart Association (AHA), do not demonstrate a causal link between the two factors. Other considerations can be relevant. In addition to following a more healthier lifestyle or a Mediterranean diet, persons who consume red wine in moderation may also be more physically active. The authors also note out that drinking too much alcohol may be harmful to one’s health in general, including their own. If you want to be safe, you should stick to the official Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) standards, which describe moderate drinking as follows:
Red wine’s anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and lipid-regulating properties may account for some of its health advantages. Red wine, which is created from crushed black grapes, is a relatively strong source of resveratrol, a natural antioxidant found in the skin of grapes that has been linked to heart disease. Antioxidants help to minimize the amount of oxidative stress in the body. Oxidative stress has been shown to be associated with a wide range of disorders, including cancer and heart disease.
- Whole grapes and berries are stronger sources of resveratrol than red wine, and because of the health hazards associated with drinking alcohol, obtaining antioxidants through foods is likely to be more beneficial than consuming wine.
- Red wine, on the other hand, may be the more beneficial of the alcoholic beverages when compared to others.
- Several studies have demonstrated a favourable relationship between moderate red wine consumption and excellent cardiovascular health throughout the years.
- The researchers came to the conclusion that red wine may have cardioprotective properties.
- Other things might be at play.
- They also point out that excessive drinking might have a negative impact on the heart.
Alcohol boosts estrogen levels in the body, which is a hormone that promotes the formation of cancerous cells. An investigation from 2012 found that the antioxidants in red wine, and to a lesser extent white wine, may lower estrogen levels and raise testosterone in women who are nearing menopause, according to the findings of the study. According to the researchers, this might explain why red wine is connected with a lower risk of breast cancer than other forms of alcoholic beverages.
Resveratrol has been shown to have cancer-fighting properties in both human and laboratory trials, according to a study published in 2017.
The processes include suppressing cell proliferation and tumor development, triggering cell death in cancer cells, and restricting the spread of cancer cells to other organs and tissues. However, once again, these are the effects of resveratrol rather than the effects of red wine itself.
According to a research published in 2019, men who consumed alcohol had a slightly decreased chance of dying from fatal prostate cancer, and red wine was associated with a lower risk of progressing to lethal illness in the first place. People with prostate cancer can drink modest amounts of alcohol, according to the findings of the study, according to the authors. According to a 2018 investigation, researchers discovered that persons who refrain from consuming wine had a higher chance of developing dementia.
- A research conducted in 2013 on 5,505 persons over a seven-year period found that those who drank between 2 and 7 glasses of wine per week had lower levels of depression than those who did not.
- The use of alcohol is a common cause of liver damage.
- The results of a 2018 study found that moderate alcohol consumption — particularly wine — is associated with decreased liver fibrosis in persons who suffer from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
- Drinking, although it contains antioxidants and helps to reduce oxidative stress, may also cause a rise in uric acid and triglycerides, which can be harmful to the liver.
- However, persons who are currently suffering from liver disease should abstain from consuming alcoholic beverages.
Indeed, according to a well publicized 2000 research, “Men aged 45–64 at admission who drink around 5 drinks per day had a greater life expectancy than men who drink just sometimes or heavily have a longer life expectancy.” However, as stated in a 2018 study, this is likely owing to confounding factors such as nutrition, which may be contributing to the results.
- Many of the health advantages of red wine appear to be attributed to the antioxidant resveratrol.
- The seeds and skin of grapes contain the majority of the resveratrol found in them.
- For the majority of people, drinking a glass or two of red wine every day may be considered part of a balanced diet.
- Regardless of the potential health advantages of alcohol use, excessive consumption might be detrimental to one’s health.
- Is moderate drinking beneficial to your health?
- In the end, many of the health advantages associated with red wine are attributed to the antioxidant resveratrol, which has several beneficial characteristics.
- Drinking red wine in moderation may provide a number of health advantages, including improving the health of the heart, the stomach, and the brain.
Because it includes chemicals that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and lipid-improving properties, it is beneficial. Drinking alcohol is not recommended for everyone, and exceeding a modest quantity might result in significant health consequences. Read the article in Spanish if you want.
Why Wine is Damaging Our Body More Than We Thought
No one ever said that a leisurely glass of red wine with a fine dinner was bad for you – or did it? Many ‘experts’ point out that wine is not necessarily dangerous, and that a small amount consumed every day can really be beneficial to your stomach and prevent many ailments, as the Good Book states. Photograph courtesy of TnkImages/Shutterstock.com Despite this, many public health groups believe and advocate for the prohibition of red wine, as well as other alcoholic beverages, in their respective jurisdictions.
This straightforward explanation is sufficient to illustrate how alcohol is harmful to the human body.
Is Alcohol Good for Health?
Why do so many studies conclude that moderate amounts of wine are favorable to one’s health? According to the researchers, these results are based on poor research techniques that failed to take into account differences in diet, lifestyle, and social variables. Human health is affected by alcohol in a variety of ways, including the buildup and accumulation of toxins in the body, which can cause organ and tissue damage; the occurrence of acute intoxication or drunkenness, which can result in injuries or poisoning; and alcohol abuse disorders that can result in social, intellectual and physical impairments, as well as acts of self-harm and violence against others.
Problems with Binge Drinking
The practice of binge drinking, which refers to drinking heavily on a single occasion rather than continuous heavy drinking, can result in short-term negative consequences such as:
- Accidental injury
- Road accidents
- Memory loss
- Slowing of reflexes
- Alcohol poisoning with the potential to be fatal
Does Alcohol Cause Cancer?
Following an examination of exposure data and cancer incidence in both people and animals, as well as mechanistic research, a specialized working group from the World Health Organization (WHO) came to the conclusion that alcoholic beverages are a cause of human cancer. When modest amounts of alcohol are consumed, wine raises the risk of cancer, particularly breast cancer, to a level comparable to that of smoking 10 cigarettes per week. According to the findings of one study, consuming one bottle of wine per week was related with a 1 percent and a 1.4 percent increase in the chance of developing cancer in men and women, respectively.
In women who do not smoke, the absolute risk of breast cancer associated with this amount of drinking is 0.8 percent at this level of consumption.
Tumors of the mouth, throat, esophagus, intestine, and liver, on the other hand, are associated with an increased cancer risk in males.
According to one researcher, current levels of female alcohol intake (one bottle per week in the UK, including social drinking) might result in an additional 339,000 malignancies if consumption continues at its present levels.
Smoking is a cocarcinogen, which means that it boosts the cancer-causing qualities of alcohol, which is particularly harmful for malignancies of the upper airway and digestive system.
How does wine cause cancer?
Both the ethanol and the acetaldehyde included in alcoholic beverages have been linked to cancer in humans. The association between alcohol use and cancer is dose-dependent, meaning that the more alcoholic beverages consumed each week, the greater the likelihood of developing cancer in all of these locations. It is important to note that there is no lowest level below which drinking is completely risk-free. When ethanol is consumed, it is metabolized to become acetaldehyde and reactive oxygen species.
- As a result, they are genotoxic.
- As a result, it has the potential to develop local malignancies, particularly in the upper airway and stomach.
- It also increases the likelihood of liver inflammation, which may lead to hepatitis and cirrhosis, as well as liver cancer in the long run.
- Acetate is produced by the first of these reactions, whereas acetaldehyde is produced by the second of these reactions, which is less hazardous.
- Alcohol also inhibits folate through a process known as competitive inhibition, which results in greater incidences of colorectal cancer.
Alcohol Causes Cirrhosis
When wine is consumed, just as with any other alcoholic beverage, the alcohol takes center stage, pushing out every other macronutrient in the lineup to make way for it. Because the body is unable to store alcohol, it must digest it immediately. When high amounts of ethanol are absorbed by the liver, it causes damage to the cells of the liver. Photograph courtesy of Kateryna Kon/Shutterstock.com This is due to the fact that the liver normally oxidizes alcohol in a sequence of stages, resulting in the formation of water and CO2.
Because of this, fatty liver disease or early alcoholic liver disease develops as a result of the buildup of fatty molecules in the liver.
As a result of continued drinking, liver cells die and are replaced by scar tissue, which eventually destroys the liver’s structural integrity.
Alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver is the term used to describe the transition of a healthy liver into nonfunctional, disordered fibrous tissue. Cirrhosis, in contrast to fatty liver, which may be reversed in 4-6 weeks with total abstinence, is a permanent alteration in the liver.
What Other Complications Could Wine Cause?
Bacterial overgrowth in the gut is caused by excessive alcohol use, which encourages bacterial migration through the intestinal walls. If this sepsis spreads to the liver, it might cause liver damage. Also, alcohol is known to promote cardiomyopathy, which is the deterioration of the heart muscle, as well as arrhythmias, which are disturbances in the heartbeat. High blood pressure and the risk of heart attack can both be increased as a result of this. Another consequence of excessive drinking is pancreatitis.
Heavy drinking can impair focus, judgment, and memory, as well as increase the likelihood of having a stroke or developing dementia.
Do not drink for health
An international research on the Global Burden of Disease found that alcohol use was the seventh largest cause of mortality worldwide and the number one cause of death in the age range 15-49 years (2016). Cancer was the leading cause of mortality for those over the age of 50, accounting for 19 percent and 27 percent of all alcohol-related fatalities, respectively. Importantly, the study indicated that “the threshold of alcohol use that reduced damage across health outcomes was zero standard drinks per week.” This is a significant finding.
References and Further Reading
- Taylor J. Hydes, Richard Burton, Helen Inskip, Michael A. Bellis and Nancy Sheron have published a paper in which they discuss their research (2019). Alcohol and tobacco are compared in terms of their ability to cause cancer in the general population based on gender: how many cigarettes are there in a bottle of wine? GBD 2016 Alcohol Collaborators (BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 316)
- BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 316. (2018). In the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016, a systematic examination of alcohol consumption and burden in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016, was conducted. This article appeared in The Lancet on September 22, 2018, in Volume 392, Issue 10152, pages 1015-1035. Latino A group of researchers led by P. Martel and colleagues (Arwidson P., Ancellin R., and others) (2011). The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Cancer Risk: A Reexamination of the Guidelines for Sensible Drinking Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, November 8, 2011, 183 (16), 1861-1865
- Clevelandclinic.org (2020). Not only can alcohol harm your liver, but it also harms your overall health in surprising ways. You may find it at:. Healthdirect.gov.au was accessed on the 24th of April, 2020. (2020). What effect alcohol has on your health. To be found at:. Last accessed on April 24, 2020
- Lago, L. O., and Welke, J. E. (2019). (2019). Carbonyl compounds in wine: the existence of these molecules and their harmful consequences are investigated. “Santa Maria,” Ciencia Rural, number 8 (November 2008). script=sci arttext
- The total amount of alcohol consumed
- What produces a hangover
- Health Consequences of Binge Drinking
- Tremors Associated with Alcohol Dependency
- Health Consequences of Alcohol Abuse
The truth about red wine and heart health
Resveratrol, an antioxidant found in red wine, may be a major component in its heart-healthy properties. Learn the facts — as well as the myths — about red wine and how it affects the cardiovascular system. Submitted by Mayo Clinic StaffRed wine, when consumed in moderation, has long been considered to be heart healthy. Coronary artery disease is a condition that leads to heart attacks, and the alcohol and certain compounds found in red wine known as antioxidants may help prevent heart attacks.
However, it is possible that the antioxidants in red wine may help to raise levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) and guard against cholesterol accumulation as part of the overall benefit.
A large amount of alcohol can have a variety of negative consequences on the body. While drinking red wine with your evening meal may already be a tradition for you, doing so in moderation may help to enhance your heart health.
How is red wine heart healthy?
Polyphenols, which are antioxidants found in red wine, may be beneficial in protecting the lining of blood arteries in the heart. Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in red wine, is one of the substances that has gotten attention recently because of its potential health advantages.
Resveratrol in red wine
Resistance to blood vessel damage, reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL cholesterol), and prevention of blood clots are all possible benefits of resveratrol use. Studies on resveratrol, on the other hand, have yielded conflicting results. According to some study, resveratrol may be associated with a decreased risk of inflammation and blood clotting, which may reduce the risk of heart disease in some people. Other studies, on the other hand, found no benefit from resveratrol in terms of heart disease prevention.
Resveratrol in grapes, supplements and other foods
The antioxidant resveratrol found in red wine is derived from the skins of the grapes used to manufacture the wine. Because red wine is fermented with grape skins for a longer period of time than white wine, it contains higher levels of resveratrol. Eating grapes or drinking grape juice may be an effective approach to obtain resveratrol without consuming alcoholic beverages. It is possible that red and purple grape juices have some of the same heart-healthy properties as red wine. Peanuts, blueberries, and cranberries are among the foods that contain resveratrol.
The quantity of resveratrol included in foods and red wine might differ significantly.
However, the risks of using resveratrol supplements are unknown, and research shows that the body is unable to absorb the majority of the antioxidant.
How might alcohol help the heart?
There is still no conclusive evidence that beer, white wine, or liquor are any better for your heart health than red wine is now available. Various studies have demonstrated that modest doses of various forms of alcohol, not simply the alcohol contained in red wine, are beneficial to the heart. It is believed that alcohol has the following effects:
- HDLcholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) is raised
- Blood clots are reduced
- Arterial damage caused by high LDLcholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) is prevented
- And the production of blood clots is reduced. It is possible that this medication will enhance the function of the layer of cells that lines the blood vessels.
Drink in moderation — or not at all
HDLcholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) is raised; blood clots are reduced; arterial damage caused by high LDLcholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) is reduced; and blood clots are prevented. Increased function of cells lining the blood vessels’ inner lining, which may be beneficial.
- Increases HDLcholesterol (the “good” cholesterol)
- Decreases the production of blood clots
- Aids in the prevention of arterial damage caused by high levels of LDLcholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol)
- It is possible that the layer of cells that lines the blood arteries will operate better.
If you have any of the following conditions:
- Are pregnant
- Have a personal or strong family history of alcohol use problem
- Have a history of alcohol abuse disorder
- Have a liver or pancreatic illness that has been linked to alcohol use
- If you have heart failure or a weak heart, consult your doctor. Certain drugs should be taken
For further information on the advantages and hazards of alcohol, speak with your health-care physician about the particular recommendations for you. If you currently consume red wine, make sure to do it in moderation. That means the following for healthy adults:
- For further information on the advantages and hazards of alcohol, speak with your health-care physician about the particular recommendations for your circumstances. Red wine should be used in moderation if you already do. The following are the implications for otherwise healthy adults:
A drink can be defined as follows:
- 12-ounce (355 milliliter) bottle of beer
- 5-ounce (148 milliliter) bottle of wine
- 1.5-ounce (44 milliliters) bottle of 80-proof distilled spirits
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- C.C. Tangney and colleagues examined the advantages and dangers of moderate alcohol use on the cardiovascular system. Mukamal KJ (accessed on December 27, 2021)
- An overview of the hazards and advantages of using alcoholic beverages. Accessed on December 27, 2021
- Libby P. and colleagues, eds. Food, nutrition, and the development of cardiovascular and metabolic illnesses This article is in the 12th edition of Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine published by Elsevier in 2022. Dietary Guidelines for Americans for the Years 2020-2025, accessed on December 28, 2021. Departments of Health and Human Services and the Department of Agriculture of the United States This page was last modified on December 27, 2021. Is it possible to maintain a healthy lifestyle while using alcohol? The American Heart Association is a non-profit organization. Accessed on December 28, 2021
- Wahab A, et al., “Significance of resveratrol in clinical therapy of chronic disorders,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 2017
- KoushkiM et al. The effect of resveratrol supplementation on inflammatory markers: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Molecules 2017
- Clinical Therapeutics, 2018
- Doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2018.05.015
- Castaldo L, et al., Red wine intake and cardiovascular health, Clinical Therapeutics, 2018. A thorough study of the relationship between wine and cardiovascular health is published in Molecules (2019)
- Haseeb S, et al. Lopez-Jimenez F, et al. Circulation 2017
- Doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.030387 (expert opinion). The Mayo Clinic will be closed on September 30, 2019.
C.C. Tangney and colleagues (Tangney et al., Cardiovascular benefits and dangers of moderate alcohol intake). KJ Mukamal’s website was last updated on December 27, 2021. Alcohol intake is discussed in detail, including the hazards and advantages. Edited by Libby P. and colleagues (accessed on December 27, 2021). Food, exercise, and the prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic illnesses This article is in the 12th edition of Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine (Elsevier Publishing, 2022).
- The Departments of Health and Human Services and Agriculture of the United States of America On the 27th of December, 2021, accessed What is considered to be a healthy lifestyle includes consuming alcoholic beverages.
- Accessed on December 28, 2021; Wahab A, et al., “Significance of resveratrol in clinical therapy of chronic disorders,” Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol.
- The effect of resveratrol supplementation on inflammatory markers: A comprehensive review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
- In Clinical Therapeutics, 2018; doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2018.05.015; Castaldo L, et al., Red wine intake and cardiovascular health: a systematic review.
- September 30, 2019; Mayo Clinic.
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What a Glass of Wine a Day Does to Your Body
Klaus Vedfelt is a photographer for Getty Images. We are a species that enjoys its fermented grapes to the fullest. Since at least 6000 B.C., humans have been producing and consuming wine. In 2018, over 966 million gallons of wine were drank in the United States. That’s a lot of swilling about. Is a glass of wine, on the other hand, a good thing? Studies touting the health advantages of wine intake in moderation are being published on a regular basis. It is possible that a daily glass of wine may enhance antioxidants, raise “good” cholesterol, and reduce the risk of heart disease.
Given this context, let’s take a look at all the varied things science has to say about what might happen around wine o’clock, including the good, terrible, and ugly — all of which are manifested in their fermented grandeur.
A typical drink contains 14.0 grams (0.6 ounces) of pure alcohol, which is approximately the same amount as 5 ounces of red wine (and is roughly equivalent to 1.5 ounces of liquor or 12 ounces of beer, though variations in strength will throw that off).
According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, moderate alcohol intake is defined as having no more than one drink per day for women and no more than two drinks per day for men, respectively. The majority of studies quantify the quantity of materials utilized in research.
Benefits of Drinking a Glass of Wine a Day
It should be noted that polyphenols are found in a variety of foods other than wine. photographer sirtravelalot / Shutterstock
The antioxidant properties of wine have piqued the curiosity of scientists worldwide. These antioxidants, known as polyphenols, and in particular flavonoids and resveratrol, are thought to act by protecting cells and tissues from damage that may lead to numerous illnesses such as cancer and heart disease. Wine, particularly red wine, is a rich source of antioxidants.
May Limit Atherosclerosis
An increasing number of studies, according to the American Heart Association (AHA), have suggested that the polyphenolic chemicals found in red wine may play an important role in slowing the onset and progression of atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque builds up inside the arteries.
Increases ‘Good’ Cholesterol
According to a research published in Circulation, drinking one to two alcoholic beverages per day has been demonstrated to increase HDL cholesterol by around 12 percent. As a result of this “good” cholesterol, the bad low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol may be removed from the system, reducing the amount of material that can build up in the arteries and cause clogging.
Decreases Risk of Heart Disease
The data of 51 epidemiological studies were compiled into a paper published in Circulation, and the researchers discovered that drinking alcohol may be beneficial to one’s cardiovascular health. Drinking between 0 and 2 alcoholic beverages per day has been shown to lessen the risk of coronary heart disease by around 20%.
Lessens Risk of Heart Attack
A large longitudinal research known as the Health Workers Follow-Up Study followed 38,077 male health professionals who did not have cardiac disease over a 12-year period, and the results were published in the journal Circulation. Drinking one to two beers per day, three to four days per week, among the crew, reduced the chance of suffering a heart attack by as much as 32 percent, according to the research. Moderate wine drinking provides a number of advantages. Image courtesy of Rawpixel.com / Shutterstock
May Reduce Risk of Stroke
The researchers also discovered that light to moderate drinking was connected with a 20 percent reduction in the chance of having an ischemic stroke, and that it may also assist to avoid recurrent strokes.
Good for Your Gut
An article in the journal Gastroenterology discovered that persons who drink red wine had a wider variety of bacteria in their stomachs than people who consume beer, white wine, apple cider, or distilled liquor. It is an indication of excellent gut health to have a diversified gut microbiota. Researchers believe that the high concentration of polyphenols in red wine is responsible for the favorable microbial mix.
Lowers Stress and Anxiety
According to a research published in the journal Neuropharmacology, one of the polyphenols present in red wine, known as resveratrol, may provide protection against the symptoms of sadness and anxiety in certain people. According to the researchers, the substance appears to inhibit the production of an enzyme that is associated with the regulation of stress in the brain.
Lessens Likelihood of Gallstones
Gallstones were shown to be less common among moderate drinkers than in non-drinkers in the renowned Nurses’ Health Study, as well as the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (and other studies), according to the researchers.
Decreases Diabetes Risk
The results of a meta-analysis of observational studies published in Diabetes Care indicated that moderate alcohol drinkers had a 30 percent lower chance of developing Type 2 diabetes. An further major study discovered that the risk of developing diabetes was reduced by 36 percent when people drank even less than one drink per day, five days per week.
Possible Health Risks of Drinking Wine
To the man who transformed grape juice into wine using an electric pressure cooker, you should raise a glass in honor of the Internet’s hero of the moment. Photograph by ImYannis / Shutterstock
Interactions With Medications
A number of drugs, including acetaminophen, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, pain relievers, and sedatives, have been shown to interact with alcohol in potentially harmful ways.
Blocks Absorption of Folate
Alcohol interferes with the absorption of folate, a critical B vitamin that, among other things, aids in the construction of DNA and is required for correct cell division. Alcohol also has the additional effect of inactivating folate de the blood and tissues. This interaction might be a contributing factor to the increased risk of cancer associated with alcohol drinking (see more on this below).
Increases Risk of Fast Heartbeat
Drinking little amounts of alcohol on a regular basis may raise your chance of developing atrial fibrillation, which is characterized by an abnormally rapid heartbeat. Researchers in Korea analyzed data from more than 9.7 million patients to determine how many of them had developed the cardiac problem over time. They discovered that people who consumed alcohol on a daily basis were at the greatest risk, as opposed to those who consumed alcohol once or twice a week. According to the findings, there was no link between the disease and excessive drinking.
May Boost Breast Cancer Risk
Whenever someone starts to consume more than the quantity considered moderate, a variety of negative consequences might occur. A large number of studies have demonstrated that excessive alcohol consumption can lead to cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, and various electrical disruptions in the heart’s rhythm. Consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol can result in liver cirrhosis, a variety of cancers, pancreatitis, neurological diseases, motor vehicle accidents, and drug addiction.
More than 100 epidemiologic research have demonstrated that increased alcohol use increases the chance of developing breast cancer.
The researchers discovered that for every 10 grams of alcohol taken each day (which is little less than one drink), there was a 7 percent increase in the probability of developing breast cancer.
Foxy’s Forest Manufacture / Photo courtesy of Shutterstock
But May Reduce the Risk of Other Cancers
To add to the confusion, multiple studies have found that moderate alcohol intake is related with a lower risk of renal cell (kidney) cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, among other cancers.
According to a meta-analysis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma studies with 18,759 individuals, those who use alcohol had a 15 percent reduced chance of developing the illness than those who do not consume alcohol.
To Drink or Not to Drink?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is not recommended that anyone begin drinking or increase their drinking frequency solely for the sake of potential health benefits, because moderate alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, violence, drowning, and injuries from falls and automobile accidents.
Moderation Is Key
Because moderate alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, violence, drowning, and injuries from falls and automobile accidents, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is not recommended that anyone begin drinking or drink more frequently simply because of potential health benefits.
Effects of Alcohol on the Body
Although you may not see the effects of alcohol on your body immediately away, the effects begin as soon as you take your first sip. If you drink, you’ve undoubtedly had some experience with the effects of alcohol, from the warm buzz that comes on fast to the not-so-pleasant wine headache or the hangover that lasts till the morning after you consume alcohol. Because such side effects are short-lived, you may not be very concerned about them, especially if you don’t drink frequently. Many individuals believe that the odd beer or glass of wine at mealtimes or on special occasions isn’t a reason for alarm and shouldn’t be avoided.
People who binge drink or drink heavily may see greater health impacts sooner, but even people who drink in moderation may experience certain dangers from alcohol, according to several studies.
It is possible that these side effects will be more severe and evident if you drink on a regular basis and consume more than one or two drinks at a time.
The following are examples of temporary affects that you may experience when consuming alcohol (or immediately after):
- Changes in mood
- Lowered inhibitions
- Impulsive behavior
- Slowed or slurred speech
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Changes in hearing, vision, and perception
- Loss of consciousness or gaps in memory (commonly referred to as a blackout)
- Loss of consciousness or gaps in memory
Some of these benefits, such as a more relaxed state of mind or decreased inhibitions, may be seen as soon as one drink is consumed. Several other symptoms, such as loss of consciousness or slurred speech, may manifest themselves after a few drinks. The symptoms of dehydration, such as nausea, headache, and dizziness, may not manifest themselves for many hours, and they might vary depending on what you drink, how much you drink, and whether or not you also drink water. Although these impacts may not be noticeable for a lengthy period of time, this does not make them irrelevant.
Alcohol consumption can also result in longer-term problems that affect more than just your personal mood and health. The following are some of the long-term consequences of consuming alcohol on a regular basis:
- The inability to maintain consistent changes in mood, such as worry and irritation
- Insomnia and other sleep issues
- And a reduced immune system, which means you may become sick more frequently. Changes in libido and sexual function
- Changes in appetite and weight
- Issues with memory and attention
- Trouble concentrating on tasks
- Increased stress and conflict in love and family relationships
- Changes in appetite and weight.
The following is a breakdown of the effects of alcohol on your internal organs and bodily functions.
Digestive and endocrine glands
Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol may result in inflammation of the pancreas, which is referred to as pancreatitis in medical terms. Pancreatitis can result in the release of digestive enzymes from the pancreas, which can result in stomach discomfort. Pancreatitis can develop into a chronic illness that can lead to major problems.
The liver is responsible for the breakdown and elimination of poisons and toxic substances (including alcohol) from your body. Long-term alcohol use has been shown to interfere with this mechanism. It also raises your chance of developing alcohol-related liver disease and chronic liver inflammation, as follows:
- Drinking too much alcohol can cause liver disease, which is a potentially life-threatening disorder that causes poisons and waste to accumulate in your body. Chronic liver inflammation, often known as cirrhosis, can result in scarring. When scar tissue grows, it has the potential to cause lifelong liver damage.
Drinking too much alcohol can cause liver disease, which is a potentially life-threatening disorder that causes poisons and waste to accumulate in the body. Chronic liver inflammation, also known as cirrhosis, can result in scarring of the liver tissue over time. The formation of scar tissue has the potential to cause irreversible liver injury.
Central nervous system
One of the most important ways to notice the effects of alcohol on your body is to look at your breath. Understanding how it impacts your central nervous system is essential to staying healthy. Slurred speech is a common symptom of drunkenness because alcohol interferes with communication between the brain and the rest of the body. Speech and coordination are made more difficult as a result of this — think response time and balance. That is one of the primary reasons why you should never drive after consuming alcoholic beverages.
You may have numbness and tingling in your feet and hands over time.
- Make long-lasting memories
- Think clearly
- And make sensible decisions
Alcohol can also cause damage to your frontal lobe, which is the area of your brain that is responsible for critical activities such as impulse control, short-term memory, and decision-making. Chronic excessive drinking can potentially result in irreversible brain damage, such as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, a brain illness that impairs memory and learning ability.
It is possible that the relationship between alcohol use and your digestive system will not be immediately apparent. Often, the adverse effects do not manifest themselves until after the damage has occurred. Continued alcohol use can exacerbate these symptoms. Drinking can cause damage to the cells in your digestive tract, which can impede your intestines from correctly digesting food and absorbing minerals and vitamins from your meals effectively. In the long run, this damage might result in malnutrition.
- Gas, bloating, a sense of fullness in your belly, diarrhea or unpleasant stools, ulcers or hemorrhoids (as a result of dehydration and constipation), and other symptoms are common.
The following symptoms may occur: gas, bloating, a sense of fullness in your belly; diarrhea or unpleasant stools; ulcers or hemorrhoids (as a result of dehydration/incontinence);
The following symptoms may occur: gas, bloating, a sense of fullness in your belly; diarrhea or unpleasant stools; ulcers or hemorrhoids (as a result of dehydration/inconstipation);
- High blood pressure, irregular pulse, trouble pumping blood through the body, stroke, heart attack, heart disease, heart failure
- These are all symptoms of hypertension and heart failure.
Fatigue and anemia, a disorder characterized by a low red blood cell count, can result from a person’s inability to absorb vitamins and minerals from meals.
Sexual and reproductive health
Fatigue and anemia, a disorder characterized by a low red blood cell count, can result from a person’s inability to absorb vitamins and minerals from their meals.
- Prevent the synthesis of sex hormones, diminish your desire, prevent you from obtaining or keeping an erection, and make it harder to experience orgasm.
Prevent the production of sex hormones, diminish your desire, prevent you from obtaining or keeping an erection, and make it harder to experience orgasm;
Skeletal and muscle systems
Long-term alcohol consumption can have a negative impact on bone density, resulting in thinner bones and an increased risk of fractures if you fall. Bones that are weaker may also mend more slowly. Drinking alcohol can also result in muscular weakening, cramps, and eventually atrophy as a result of the alcohol.
Drinking excessively has been shown to suppress the body’s natural immune system. When your immune system is compromised, it has a more difficult time protecting you from bacteria and viruses. People who consume large amounts of alcoholic beverages over an extended period of time are also more prone than the average population to get pneumonia or TB. Experts believe that alcohol intake is a contributing factor in around 10% of all TB cases globally. The use of alcoholic beverages can potentially increase your cancer risk:
- Drinking alcohol on a regular basis can raise your chance of getting mouth, throat, breast, esophageal, colon, or liver cancer. The combination of drinking and smoking might boost your chance of acquiring mouth or throat cancer even higher
Having a lot of alcoholic beverages might raise your chances of developing mouth, throat, breast, esophageal, colon, or liver cancer. The combination of drinking and smoking might boost your chances of acquiring mouth or throat cancer even higher;
- Memory and focus, impulse control, emotions, mood, and personality are all aspects of learning.
Consistent alcohol use can also have a negative impact on one’s general mental health and well-being, in part because alcohol can exacerbate the symptoms of some mental health illnesses such as anxiety disorders, depression, and bipolar disorder. When you have a hangover, you may also have sensations of anxiousness.
Alcohol-induced mental health conditions
Alcohol usage can contribute to the development of mental health symptoms that are similar to those of other mental health problems. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), which mental health practitioners use to identify mental health issues, now provides diagnostic criteria for the following mental health conditions:
- Alcohol-induced bipolar disorder, alcohol-induced psychotic disorder, alcohol-induced sleep disorder, alcohol-induced depressive disorder, and alcohol-induced anxiety disorder are all conditions that can be caused by excessive alcohol use.
Bipolar disorder caused by alcohol; psychotic disorder caused by alcohol; sleep problem caused by alcohol; depressive disorder caused by alcohol; anxiety disorder caused by alcohol;
Some persons who drink will ultimately acquire a tolerance to the effects of alcohol on their bodies. As a result, people eventually need to consume more alcohol in order to experience the same benefits they had previously. When you drink alcohol on a regular basis, you might develop dependency, which means that your body and brain have become used to the effects of the alcohol. When you quit drinking, you may experience a variety of physical, emotional, and mental health symptoms that subside as soon as you consume another alcoholic beverage.
This illness can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the amount of symptoms you are experiencing at the time. The following are examples of key symptoms:
- Drinking more over time
- Having difficulty stopping after one drink
- Inability to stop drinking when you try
- Continuing to drink alcohol despite the fact that it is having a negative impact on your health or daily life
- Spending a significant amount of time on activities related to alcohol use
Find out more about the signs and symptoms of alcohol consumption disorder.
Withdrawal from alcohol may be tough, and in extreme situations, it can be life threatening. If you wish to stop drinking, you may want the assistance of a healthcare expert, depending on how frequently and how much you consume each day. The best course of action is to consult with your doctor before stopping drinking. The “cold turkey” strategy may not always be the best option. Among the signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal are:
- Anxiety, nervousness, nausea, tremors, elevated blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, and excessive perspiration are all symptoms of anxiety.
Seizures, hallucinations, and delirium are all possible side effects of severe withdrawal. Medical detoxification can assist you in quitting alcohol in a safe manner. Depending on your risk of experiencing withdrawal symptoms, your doctor may prescribe that you receive therapy at a clinic or at home. Certain characteristics may enhance your chances of developing an alcohol consumption problem in certain situations. Some of these are as follows:
- Heavy drinking, binge drinking, chronic stress, having classmates or family members who drink a lot of alcohol, having genes that modify your susceptibility to alcohol are all factors that might contribute to excessive alcohol consumption. having anxiety, despair, or schizophrenia
- Having a mental illness having a close family, particularly a parent, who suffers from the ailment
Regular binge drinking; continuing stress; having classmates or family members who drink a lot of alcohol; having genes that impact your susceptibility to alcohol; and having a family history of heavy drinking or binge drinking afflicted with anxiety, despair, or psychosis the presence of a close family, particularly a parent, who suffers from the disease
- Free recovery support groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous or SMART Recovery
- Online recovery platforms, such asTempest
- Therapy to address the reasons for drinking and learn helpful coping skills
- Medical treatment to address the symptoms of alcohol use disorder and any related health concerns
- Medications that can help reduce cravings
- And other interventions.
Are you looking for mental health services in your area? Here’s how to find a therapist in your area: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration provides a free hotline that is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Make a call to 800-662-HELP (4357) to gain information on local resources for assistance and treatment. There is no completely risk-free method to consume alcohol, but if you want to do so, following these guidelines can help decrease some of the risks:
- Make sure you have plenty to eat. Try not to drink on an empty stomach in order to prevent becoming inebriated too quickly. Make sure you drink lots of water. For every standard drink you eat, strive to swallow a glass of water
- However, do not consume too much water at once. Drink carefully to ensure that your body has enough time to metabolize the alcoholic beverage. Alcohol may be processed by your liver at a rate of around 1 ounce per hour
- Avoid mixing with other drugs. Mixing alcohol with caffeine can mask the depressive effects of alcohol, causing you to consume more alcohol than you would otherwise consume. Combining alcohol with other medications might also have negative consequences
- For example, Don’t drink and operate a motor vehicle. Never get behind the wheel while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Even if you believe you have regained your composure, you may still be carrying alcohol in your system, which might impair your response time.