From rosé to sparkling, different types of wine call for different occasions and different food.
- White wine. Did you know that white wine can be made from red and black grapes?
- Red wine.
- Rosé wine.
- Sparkling wine.
What are the best types of wine?
- White wines include: Chardonnay – one of the world’s most popular types of wine, Chardonnay is a fruity, often oaky, and usually dry white wine Chenin Blanc Muscadet – a very dry white from the Loire Valley in France which is an excellent combination with oysters and other shellfish Muscat Blanc Pinot Grigio or Pinot Gris
- 1 What are the 5 classifications of wine?
- 2 What are the main types of wine?
- 3 What are the 7 types of wine?
- 4 What are the 3 types of wine?
- 5 What are the 5s in wine tasting?
- 6 What are the 6 types of wine?
- 7 What’s the best type of wine?
- 8 What is the most popular type of wine?
- 9 What is cherry wine called?
- 10 How many styles of wine are there?
- 11 What type of wine is Moscato?
- 12 What are the 5 basic wine characteristics?
- 13 What’s another name for red wine?
- 14 What is the most popular type of red wine?
- 15 4 Types of Wine
- 16 1. White Wines
- 17 2. Red Wines
- 18 3. Sparkling Wines
- 19 4. Rose
- 20 Wine 101: What Are the Different Types of Wine?
- 21 The Different Types of Wine (Infographic)
- 22 The Different Types of Wine
- 23 Wine for Beginners: An Easy Explanation of Different Wine Types
- 24 Understanding Wine Makes It Taste Better
- 25 What’s The Difference Between Red And White Wine?
- 26 Types of Wine
- 27 What Is Dessert Wine and Sparkling Wine?
- 28 How To Describe The Taste of Wine
- 29 Which Starter Wine Should You Buy?
- 30 Understanding Wine Is A Process
- 31 But first, some wine 101:
- 32 The 7 Key Types of Wine to Know:
- 33 1. Red Wine
- 34 2. White Wine
- 35 3. Rosé Wine
- 36 4. “Orange” Wine
- 37 5. Sparkling Wine
- 38 6. Dessert Wine
- 39 7. Fortified Wine
- 40 9 Main Styles of Wine and How They Are Made
- 40.0.1 1. Full-Bodied Red Wines(Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Cabernet Franc)
- 40.0.2 2.Medium-Bodied Red Wines(Merlot, Barbera)
- 40.0.3 3. Light-Bodied Red Wines(Pinot Noir, Gamay, Blaufränkisch)
- 40.0.4 4. Rosé Wines(Grenache, Sangiovese, Mourvèdre)
- 40.0.5 5. Full-Bodied White Wines(Oaked Chardonnay, Ribolla Gialla)
- 40.0.6 6. Light-Bodied White Wines(Sauvignon Blanc, Zelen, Pinela, Pinot Gris, Riesling Italico)
- 40.0.7 7. Aromatic White Wines(Moscato, Gewürztraminer, Riesling)
- 40.0.8 8. DessertFortified Wines(Vinjak, Port, Sherry, Madeira, Late Harvest, Noble Rot, Straw Wine, Ice Wine)
- 40.0.9 9. Sparkling Wines(Champagne, Cava, Prosecco, Méthode Classique, Penina, Sekt Lambrusco)
- 41 Here’s a Quick Education on the 5 Main Types of Wine
- 42 What’s In Your Glass? The Main Wine Categories
What are the 5 classifications of wine?
To make it simpler, let’s broadly divide the different types of wine into five main categories – red, white, rose, sparkling, and dessert wines.
What are the main types of wine?
Instead, let’s keep it simple and take a look at the six main types of wines:
- Red Wines. Red wines are made from black grapes fermented with the grape skins (which is where the red colour of the wine comes from), seeds, and stems.
- White Wines.
- Rosé Wines.
- Sparkling Wines.
- Dessert Wines.
- Fortified Wines.
What are the 7 types of wine?
7 Types of Wine to Know (Even If You’re Just a Casual Drinker)
- Red Wine. Red wine is made from black grapes, and it gets its hue (which can range from a light ruby to a deep oxblood) from fermenting with the grape skins.
- White Wine.
- Rosé Wine.
- “Orange” Wine.
- Sparkling Wine.
- Dessert Wine.
- Fortified Wine.
What are the 3 types of wine?
That said, understanding the basics of the three most popular types of wines — red, white, and rosé — is certainly a good start.
What are the 5s in wine tasting?
The Five S’s of Wine Tasting: See – Swirl – Sniff – Sip – Savor. At Pippin Hill Farm and Vineyards wine tasting should be both rewarding and memorable. It should excite the senses, and most importantly, it should be fun.
What are the 6 types of wine?
There are literally hundreds of wine grapes, but to get a really strong start in understanding quality wine, get familiar with what I call “the big six” wine grapes: Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay for whites; and Pinot Noir, Merlot/Cabernet (which are very similar and often blended together), and Syrah aka
What’s the best type of wine?
The 9 Most Heart-healthy Red Wines
- Pinot Noir. Pinot Noir is considered the healthiest red wine you can drink.
- Sagrantino. A rare grape from Umbria – a region in central Italy – Sagrantino is an antioxidant-rich wine.
- Cabernet Sauvignon.
What is the most popular type of wine?
Red wine (69%) is the most popular among wine-drinking adults, though majorities also say they like white wine (65%) or rosé (55%). Among wine drinkers, the most popular kind of reds are Merlot (19%), cabernet sauvignon (18%), pinot noir (12%) and Zinfandel (12%).
What is cherry wine called?
“Cherry Kijafa” is a fortified fruit wine that is produced in Denmark from cherries with added natural flavors, and usually contains 16% alcohol by volume. Among cherry liqueurs Maraska, a cherry wine made from Marasca cherry from Croatia, is among the best known.
How many styles of wine are there?
The 9 Styles of Wine. As diverse as wine is, most bottles can be categorized into 9 different styles. Once you taste an example the 9 styles, you’ll gain a good understanding of wine as a whole. It’s important to note that there are many nuances and subtle differences (and a few exceptions).
What type of wine is Moscato?
Moscato is a sweet, fizzy white or Rosé wine with a low alcohol content that pairs exquisitely with desserts and appetizers. Moscatos are made from the Muscat grape—a table grape also used for raisins—and typically feature flavors of sweet peach, orange blossom and nectarine.
What are the 5 basic wine characteristics?
Understanding the five basic characteristics of wine
- 1) Sweetness. This refers to the level of residual sugar left in the wine after its creation.
- 2) Acidity.
- 3) Tannin.
- 4) Alcohol.
- 5) Body.
What’s another name for red wine?
In this page you can discover 7 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for red-wine, like: merlot, burgundy, cabernet sauvignon, shiraz, claret, cabernet and pinot.
What is the most popular type of red wine?
Cabernet Sauvignon is a full-bodied red wine. It’s the most popular variety of wine in the world.
4 Types of Wine
There are four different types of wine. Featured Image Credit:Michelle Arnold through the EyeEm network/Getty Images. According to some experts, having a glass of wine every day can help prevent the development of certain ailments. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory qualities of some varieties of wine are considered to help protect against certain malignancies as well as promote heart and brain health. However, if you’re drinking that glass of wine for its health benefits or simply because you enjoy the flavor, your options for vintage and kind are numerous and, at times, a bit complicated.
And, like with other things, it comes down to personal preference.
1. White Wines
The most widely consumed white wine varietals areriesling, chardonnay, pinot grigio, chenin blanc, sauvignon blanc, andmoscato, among others. Their flavor qualities can range from sweet to dry, and they can also be acidic in some instances. Their mild tastes can be savored cold and straight from the glass, or they can be used as a component of a punch or sangria cocktail. Whenever you cook with white wine, choose a dry variety rather than one with overtones of wood or butter, as these characteristics may interfere with the flavor of the dish.
- In Germany, Riesling is a single grape varietal that is indigenous to the Rhineland area. Its flavor is generally characterized as delicate, with a floral smell and a hint of peppery but fruity zing towards the finish. Its flavor ranges from dry to sweet, and its alcohol content is often lower than that of other spirits. Additionally to the German variety, which is medium-bodied and delicate, California winemakers develop a number of high-quality variants. Aside from Washington state and Australia, it’s also cultivated in the United Kingdom. Its bright flavor goes well with a white and meaty fish such as snapper or haddock served with a citrus-based sauce. Riesling is also a fantastic choice for preparing white wine sangria*, which is a popular summer drink. Chardonnayis a complex wine that is made from the same grapes that are used to make Champagne and white Burgundy, among other things. With a creamy, buttery, and oaky finish, this dry, nuanced wine is made by hundreds of wineries around the United States. Lemon, melon, apple, and pineapple are some of the fruit adjectives used. If you intend to use wine in cooking, pick a “unoaked” variety so that it does not interfere with the flavor of the meal
- Chardonnay, for example, has an oaky flavor that makes it a good match for a substantial salad topped with fatty fish such as salmon or shrimp. Dress it with a mustard-based dressing to complete the dish. In its original form, Pinot grigio / gris was made from a grape that was initially grown in France, where it was known aspinot gris, and over the border in Italy, where it was known aspinot grigio. The Italian version is often light and crisp, with overtones of spice and stone fruit, but the French version is full-bodied and rich. Whenever you serve pinot grigio with food, go for something that is light and delicate such as sole or sea bass. The pinot gris, on the other hand, pairs nicely with heavy dishes such as veal chops and stews. Because it has a neutral flavor profile, it is an excellent choice for recipes that call for white wine because it will not overshadow the meal. Located in the Loire Valley of France, Chenin blanc is a versatile white grape that is widely cultivated. It can be dry, off-dry, sparkling, or sweet dessert wine, depending on the varietal. With its apple and pear characteristics, you can expect a flowery scent as well as a lot of acidity. It goes well with poultry, seafood, and pig, and it matches equally well with apple or pear-based sweets. Sauvignon blanc is a herbaceous white wine that is produced in several regions of the world including France, California, Italy, Australia, Chile, and New Zealand. The scents of passion fruit and luscious grapefruit provide the foundation for its fresh, sparkling tastes. Sushi, green vegetables, briny sauces, and cheese, especially those made with goat’s milk, benefit from its strong acid profile, which helps to balance their flavors. It’s also a good choice for an aperitif. This wine is manufactured from the muscat grape, which gives it a spectrum of colors that range from white to black in colour. The grapes are sweet and musky, and they are frequently used to make spirits, sparkling wines, sweet wines, and fortified wines. It is available in two varieties: a semi-sparkling and a sparkling variant.
2. Red Wines
Cabernet sauvignon, pinot noir, merlot, and syrah are among the most popular red wines, and they appear at the top of nearly every ranking. Their tastes range from sweet to complex to quite dry, depending on the variety. Others like red wines served slightly chilly, despite the fact that many wine aficionados feel that red wine should be served at room temperature. However, as is the case with many things, personal preference is the driving force, so enjoy your red wine at the temperature that suits you best.
- Cabernet sauvignon is the most popular and successful of all the red wines, and it is also the most expensive. The grapes are indigenous to France’s Bordeaux wine area, and they have a high tannic content while also tasting strongly of red and black fruits. As a result of cabernet’s strong tannin content, it may be readily coupled with chicken, steaks, and lamb chops. The varietals produced by vineyards in California and Australia often have profilesheavy with notes of dark cherries, black currant, and spices, as well as mild acidity. Sharp cheeses like as aged cheddar, blue cheese, Asiago, and Gouda, among others, complement it well. Pinot noir is made from the same grapes that are used to make French red Burgundies, and it is a key component in the production of Champagne and sparkling wines, among other things. As a result of the lively acidity and fruit aromas present in this wine, it marries nicely with a variety of foods such as salmon, dried fruits, and duck breast*. Merlot is known for having a fruity scent that is accented by herbaceous and spicy characteristics. Bordeaux, France, and in particular the right bank region of Saint-Émilion and Pomerol, is regarded as the birthplace of the world’s greatest merlots, according to legend. In addition to Italy and Chile, Merlot grapes are cultivated in California and Washington state
- Merlots match nicely with tenderloin, lamb, pates and charcuterie, hog orveal roasts, among other dishes. When manufactured in Australia, shiraz is referred to as shiraz, while when made in France, shiraz is referred to as syrah. In the United States, it can be found under any of the following names:
3. Sparkling Wines
Traditionally, sparkling wines have been linked with occasions such as birthdays, wedding receptions, and New Year’s Eve festivities. Champagne, cava, prosecco, and pét-nat are just a few of the fizzies that might be served during a gathering.
- Champagne is produced in a number of nations, with the majority being referred to as sparkling wines, with the exception of authentic Champagne, which is produced in the French area of the same name. With light and crisp citrus and pear notes, this wine ranges from very dry to quite sweet, depending on the vintage. Champagne is made from a combination of varying percentages of pinot noir, chardonnay, and pinot meunier grapes
- It may be enjoyed on its own and does not need to be coupled with anything, but it also pairs well with a variety of cuisines. If you want to live out your Rockefeller fantasies, combine a brut sparkling champagne with oysters, or indulge in an amimosa at breakfast and enjoy it with aquiche or smoked salmon*. Cavais is made in a similar manner as Champagne, with the exception that Spanish grapes are used in it rather than grapes from France. It has overtones of apples and lime in it, and it has a more earthy flavor than Champagne. This sparkling wine is often dry, similar to a non-vintage Champagne
- Serve it with meals that are sour, such as Key lime pie and lemon-glazed meats, to offer balance. Prosecco is a diverse and reasonably priced beverage. There are floral scents as well as flavors of peaches, pears, and green apples emanating from this plant. gleragrapes from selected regions of northern Italy are used in the production of this wine. It has a light body and may be found in sparkling or semi-sparkling forms in a variety of styles, including brut, ultra dry, and dry. Prosecco is available in both a dry and a sweet version, depending on the location and vineyard
- While it is traditionally served as a pre-dinner drink, it pairs nicely with a variety of main meals, including pizza, pasta, and shellfish. Pét-nat, often known as orpétillant naturel (which translates as “naturally sparkling”), is a light and bubbly beverage. Some sparkling wines are made from still-fermenting white and red grapes, while others are made from “finished” wines that have been sweetened and fermented with yeast and sugar. The opposite is true of the pét-nat, which is considered unfinished and has half the pressure of a Champagne. In this case, the grape malvasia bianca provides its flowery and fruity flavor, yet while being delicious, it may be rather dry.
While rose wines are made from red grapes, throughout the production process, the skin and stems are removed for two to three days to make them more delicate. It is this interaction with the grapes, however brief, that allows the wine to absorb part of their hues, which is what gives it its distinctive pink colour that can range from light to dark in tone. Roses are often light and airy, and some are bone dry, while others have a somewhat sweet flavor to their bouquet.
Wine 101: What Are the Different Types of Wine?
If you’re new to the world of wines, you might find the sheer number of wine kinds available to be a bit intimidating at first. What is the best way to distinguish between the literally hundreds of different wines available? Moreover, how does one go about selecting a nice wine to sample for the first time? In this piece, we’ll provide you with a general review of the many sorts of wines, so that the next time you’re in the wine aisle, you won’t be as overwhelmed as you are now. To begin, what exactly is wine?
- A wine grape is very different from the typical grocery store grape in that it is tiny, sweet, has thick skin, and contains a large number of seeds.
- And among those sorts of grapes, there are hundreds of varieties that are utilized to produce thousands of different varietals and mixes of wine, among them.
- Instead, let’s keep things basic and look at the six most common varieties of wines available: Red wines are prepared from black grapes that have been fermented with the skins (which is where the wine gets its red color), seeds, and stems (which gives the wine its color).
- Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Chianti, and Beaujolais are some of the first wines to try.
- Pro Tip: It’s better to drink red wines at room temperature or slightly below it when possible.
- Important to Know: The more tannins a wine possesses, the darker or newer the wine is.
- White wines are manufactured from both white and black grapes, and are classified as a varietal.
Instead, the skins are removed, and only the clear grape juice is used as the final product.
Start with Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, and Riesling as your first wines.
White wine should be chilled before serving to bring out its flavors.
Creating this lovely color requires only a little period of fermentation with the skins of black grapes, ranging from a few hours to a few days, until the juice turns a beautiful shade of purple.
Known for its light, sweet flavor, rosé wines are a popular choice for summertime gatherings and are particularly well-suited as starting wines due to their light, fruity character.
What You Should Know: A frequent myth about rosé is that it is manufactured by blending red and white wines together; however, this method is considered a major no-no in the wine industry!
Champagne is the most well-known sparkling wine, and it is frequently served at special occasions such as New Year’s Eve and weddings.
Pairings of foods: Light dishes, such as soft cheeses, seafood, such as smoked salmon and shrimp, salad, fresh fruit, and popcorn, are ideal for this occasion.
It’s because they seem more elegant.
What You Should Know: Sparkling wines are called for the regions in which they are made, such as the French province of Champagne, where they are created.
Dessert wines and fortified wines are sometimes lumped together, and the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, but it’s important to remember that each type of wine has its own particular qualities that distinguish it from the others.
Icewine and Moscato are excellent starter wines.
Keep in mind that any sweet wine can be included in the category of dessert wines, which is why our following category of fortified wines is occasionally included.
Dessert wines are characterized by their sweetness, which is enhanced by the presence of alcohol.
Picks for the beginning: Port, sherry, Madeira, and Marsala are all examples of fortified wines.
Important to Know: Fortified wines have a greater percentage of alcohol than other types of wine.
So, now that you’re familiar with the fundamentals of wine, take Lichine’s advice and open a bottle of Corkbeard’sRosé, a bottle of Cabernet Sauvignon, and a bottle of Chardonnay to get your feet wet in the world of wine.
For anyone seeking for a hostess present for their next party, or even just a recommendation for themselves, check out our earlier piece on the 5 Best Wines Under $20 to Bring to a Party (which is still relevant today). Cheers!
The Different Types of Wine (Infographic)
If you’re new to the world of wine, you might find the sheer number of wine kinds available to be a bit intimidating at first glance. How can you tell the difference between the literally hundreds of wines available? Then there’s the matter of choose which wine to sample for the first time. Throughout this piece, we’ll provide you with a fundamental understanding of the many sorts of wines, so that the next time you’re in the wine aisle, you won’t feel as overwhelmed. How do you define wine? Quite simply, wine is the fermented juice of a grape that has gone through a process of fermentation.
- White grapes (which are really green in color) and black grapes are the two varieties of grapes from which wine is manufactured (which are actually red-coloured).
- There are many other aspects that determine the character of a wine, such as the wine area, tannins, sweetness, acidity, body, and flavors, but we won’t delve into the nuances of all of that right now since it’s not our time.
- Because red wine has a high concentration of tannins, it leaves a bitter, dry aftertaste in your tongue after you drink it.
- Other options: The following foods go well with each other: Red wine goes well with substantial foods that involve red meat, such as BBQ ribs, burgers and steak, pasta, and pizza.
- It’s recommended to drink red wines at room temperature or slightly cooler than that.
- Important to Know: The tannins in a wine increase in concentration as the wine ages.
- In addition to white grapes, white wines can also be prepared from black grapes (red wines).
As an alternative, the skins are removed, and only the clear grape juice is utilized instead.
The following wines are recommended for starters: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, and Riesling Food Pairings: White wine pairs well with lighter foods such as fowl, fish, and other seafood, curries, tacos, cheese, salad, popcorn, and chips.
Its blush or pink color distinguishes it from other wines.
The tannin content is comparable to that of white wine, while some rosés are dry.
Food Pairings:Rosé pairs nicely with light foods and snacks such as chicken, fish, fruit, chips and salsa, and cheese, to name a few possibilities.
Know This: Despite the moniker “bubbly,” sparkling wines are really carbonated wines.
Champagne is the most well-known sparkling wine, and it is frequently served at special occasions such as weddings and New Year’s Eve festivities, among others.
The following foods go well with each other: Light meals, such as soft cheeses, seafood, such as smoked salmon and shrimp, salad, fresh fruit, and popcorn, are ideal for the summertime.
It’s because they are more elegant.
Interesting Fact: Sparkling wines are called for the regions in which they are produced, such as the French province of Champagne.
Due to the blurring of the borders between what constitutes dessert wine and what does not, things get more complicated in the following two categories.
Dessert wines, as the name implies, are highly sweet wines that are typically served after a meal, along with (and occasionally in instead of) desert.
When wine is fortified, it means that it has had spirits such as brandy added to it while it is being fermented.
Picks for the beginning of the game Sherry, Madeira, and Marsala are some of the most popular types of wines.
Knowing the difference is important.
Alexis Lichine, a wine writer and winemaker, famously observed, “When it comes to wine, I urge people to toss off the vintage charts and invest in a corkscrew.” Consumption of wine is the most effective method of learning about it.
These are excellent beginner wines that won’t break the bank. For anyone searching for a hostess present for their next party, or even just a recommendation for themselves, check out our earlier piece on the 5 Best Wines Under $20 to Bring to a Party (which you can see here). Cheers!
The Different Types of Wine
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Five Main Types of Wine
All wines may be classified into one of five fundamental categories. There are hundreds of different grape types and winemaking processes to choose from within each group! Red WineIt is a type of wine created from black grapes that is still fermented. Red wines are available in a variety of styles, from mild to strong. White wine is a type of still wine made from white grapes, with some black grapes thrown in for good measure. White wines have a range of flavors that range from mild to robust.
Rosé wine may also be prepared by combining red and white grape juices.
Sparkling Wine is a type of winemaking that involves a secondary fermentation that produces bubbles.
Dessert Wine is a method of winemaking in which wine is fortified with spirits to create a sweeter wine.
8 Common Wines To Know
Are you just starting started in the wine industry? Here are eight common wines that everyone should be familiar with. See the list before it expires on January 31! From now through the end of January, you may save money by purchasing only one book on wine and one digital course. Read on to find out more
How The Infographic Works
Wines are classified according to their style, principal flavor, and, in some cases, an extra classification such as High Tannin, Round, or Spicy. The following are the meanings of the terms: Tannin content is high. Wines with a high tannin content have the sensation of drying out your mouth. It’s comparable to the sensation of sucking a popsicle stick or placing a wet tea bag in your mouth when you first wake up. RoundRound wines have less tannin and a more balanced acidity on the finish than other wines.
Spicy Wines Generally speaking, spicy wines have stronger acidity or higher alcohol content.
Wine for Beginners: An Easy Explanation of Different Wine Types
After going through this tutorial, you should have a basic understanding of the many sorts of wine, as well as the terminology to go out and purchase your first significant bottle of the beverage. (And perhaps learn something or two to impress your date.) The prospect of drinking wine might be scary. There are dozens of distinct varieties of wine, each with its unique set of food pairings that should be considered. Then there are wine snobs, who are those who think fermented grape juice is “unctuous,” as opposed to “sweet.” The fact is that wine is very delightful.
As it turns out, there’s a very excellent reason to become acquainted with various wines and their characteristics.
Understanding Wine Makes It Taste Better
According to research, more comprehensive descriptions of red and white wines really improve the flavor of the wines in the first place. On the surface, this appears to make sense. A greater vocabulary to describe what you’re drinking allows your brain to distinguish finer flavors, which improves its ability to distinguish between them. For this reason, we have created an introduction to different wine varieties that will break down the fundamentals of what distinguishes different wines from one another as well as the essential adjectives you should be aware of in order to get the most out of whichever wine you’re drinking.
What’s The Difference Between Red And White Wine?
Okay, you probably don’t need any assistance distinguishing between a white wine and a red wine. They have a distinct appearance, and they undoubtedly have a distinct flavor as well. The effort required to understand why certain sorts of wine seem and taste so differently is well worth it. The skins, as well as a little bit they bring to the party known as tannins, are to blame in both instances. Remember the term “tannin” and what it implies since winemakers use the term “tannin” a great deal.
Tongue, Meet Tannins
What exactly are tannins? Tannins are a naturally occurring chemical found in grapes, as well as other fruits and vegetables, as well as plants (like tea, for example). When it comes to the taste of tannin, it is frequently characterized as bitter, resulting in a dry and puckery sensation in the mouth. Tannins are introduced into your wine when the skins of the grapes are allowed to ferment with the juice of the grapes. This is also the method via which wines get their color. With little or no skin contact, wines become pink or white in color, with much less tannins.
As you may expect, red grape skins contain a higher concentration of tannins than white grape skins.
Even red grapes, which appear red on the outside, are actually white on the inside.)
Types of Wine
Tannin is the structural backbone of red wine, which is why you could characterize a red wine as “hard,” “leathery,” or simply “bitter.” Tannin also contributes to the color of red wine. Tannin also contributes to the texture of red wine, making it seem “smooth” and “soft” or “rough” and “chewy.” Tannin is found in both white and red grapes. In general, the darker the wine, the higher the tannin content and, thus, the “bolder” the flavor. Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Barbera, and Sangiovese are some of the most popular red wine varieties.
- Acidity, on the other hand, gives white wines their structure.
- Rosé wine, often known as blush wine, is pink in hue.
- On the color range between red and white, rosé is significantly closer to the light side of the spectrum, with a low concentration of tannin.
- Why Can’t I Serve Red Wine at Room Temperature?
- Tannins have a harsh flavor when exposed to freezing temperatures, so your deeper red wines will not taste their best when temperatures are as low as those found in the Rockies.
Of course, it’s all a question of personal preference. Some folks prefer their drink at room temperature and their pizza at a brisk temperature. Whatever it takes to get you there.
What Is Dessert Wine and Sparkling Wine?
Red, white, and rosé wines with an alcohol by volume percentage of 14 percent or less are referred to as “table wine” in the United States (and “light wine” in Europe) and are classified as such. This does not include anything that is sparkling or enhanced in any way (i.e., has added alcohol). Dessert wine earned its moniker because it is often sweeter in flavor and served after a meal. A little amount of alcohol (generally brandy) is added to a dessert wine in order to allow it to keep more of its natural sugars, which are ordinarily consumed during the fermentation process.
Sparkling wine is a wine that has substantial carbonation, which can occur as a natural component of the fermentation process or as a result of the addition of carbon dioxide after the fermentation process.
From the driest to the sweetest sparkling wines are available: Brut Nature, Extra Brut, Brut, Extra Dry/Extra Sec/Extra Seco, Dry/Sec/Seco, Demi-Sec/Semi-seco, Doux/Sweet/Dulce, Extra Dry/Extra Sec/Extra Seco, Demi-Sec/Semi-seco, Doux/Sweet/ Red and white grapes are used to make sparkling wine, which can be manufactured from a variety of varieties.
Wine drinkers and producers are increasingly referring to “sparkling wine” and “champagne” as interchangeable terms, just like we may refer to any face tissue as a Kleenex in the same context.
However, there are no rules in the United States defining this distinction.
How To Describe The Taste of Wine
Table wines in the United States (and “light wines” in Europe) are defined as red, white, and rosé wines with an alcohol by volume percentage of 14 percent or less. Any effervescent or fortified beverages are not included (i.e., has added alcohol). Dessert wine gets its name because it is often sweeter than other wines and is served after a meal has finished eating. In order for a dessert wine to retain more of its natural sugars, which are often depleted throughout the fermentation process, alcohol (usually brandy) is added to it.
- Port, Madeira, Vermouth, Sherry, and Marsala are among of the most popular alcoholic beverages in the world.
- The sweetness/dryness of a sparkling wine is indicated on the label, and this is also shown on the label of a still wine.
- Wines from Chardonnay, Pinot Meunier, and/or Pinot Noir are used to make Champagneproperis.
- The Champagne area of France produces the only wine that may legitimately be named champagne or Champagne, according to purists, although there are no rules limiting that distinction in the United States.
So if you think you’re getting a good deal on a bottle of imported “champagne” for only $12, you should really look over the label a little closer.
What Are The Four Key Wine Descriptors?
Sweetness. This is self-explanatory. Dry is the polar opposite of sweet. A wine can also be medium-dry or off-dry depending on its style (i.e., just a hint of sweetness, but almost too faint to move the needle). Acidity. This is something we’ve previously discussed. Acidity is important in white wines because it makes them refreshing and crisp (or “sour” if it’s excessive) and it helps them age well. A wine with lower acidity has a “fat” flavor to it. Tannin. Another one that has already been discussed.
- High tannin wines are astringent, and in some cases bitter and inky in appearance.
- When you swirl a full-bodied wine, it seems thick, covering the edges of the glass as it is consumed.
- A medium-bodied wine falls somewhere in the middle.
- Drink it black, with nothing else added to it.
- Now, add a squeeze of lemon juice and give it a good taste.
- It should have astringent flavor when combined with the tannic flavor.
This smoothes everything out and makes it taste more pleasant.
Flavor, in contrast to the four core descriptors, comprises every adjective under the sun and is significantly more subjective than the others.
Do not waste your time with adjectives such as graphite, barnyard, and other flavors that you have (hopefully) never tried if you are not sure what you want.
You’re not sure which one is which?
“Give me something fruity, and give me something earthy,” you might request.
It’s best to drink them back-to-back to have a better understanding of what these phrases signify.
When wine is produced or matured in oak barrels, the taste of oak is imparted to the wine.
When it comes to wine, wood is merely another flavor element to consider.
Others are just turned off by the smell of oak.
Many wines are produced and stored in stainless steel barrels, and as a result, they do not have any oak flavor at all (unless the winemaker adds oaky essence after the fact).
Hot tip: Pair oaky wines with salty foods for a delicious combination. A pinch of salt can alleviate the harshness of oak in a similar manner that salt can help shots of tequila go down easier.
Which Starter Wine Should You Buy?
It’s ideal to start with something straightforward so that you can distinguish between what you’re tasting and what it is about a wine that you like or dislike. Prices begin in the $10 to $15 range. At this price bracket, the majority of the wines are “typical” of their varietal and geographic location. Some believe that intricacy does not begin until the $25 or $35 level, however it is preferable to save your money while you are in the exploration phase. Having said that, decent bottles of wine under $10 are still available; it’s just a little more difficult to find them.
In order to avoid this, don’t be afraid to seek assistance.
“I’m looking for a dry, light-bodied white wine,” you can say, or “I’m interested in trying a full-bodied red.” Alternatively, you may identify wines that you’ve loved in the past and ask for something that’s similar to them.
Here’s a brief overview that can be useful in making your decision: Whites that are in style
- Winemaker’s Notes: Fruity and buttery, with a velvety texture that is unusual for dry white wines
- Chardonnay. Pinot Grigio (also known as Pinot Gris) — This wine is straightforward, light-bodied, dry, and crisp. Intense fruit notes characterize Riesling, which is typically exceedingly sweet. Unlike chardonnay, this wine is much lighter. Moscato– Fruity and frequently sweet, Moscato is a popular choice for weddings. Sauvignon blanc is a dry, sour, and acidic wine with herbal aromas and hints of tropical fruit
- It is made from Sauvignon grapes.
Reds are a popular choice.
- Cabernet sauvignon — A full-bodied wine with herbal aromas, Cabernet sauvignon. The currant notes in the younger cab are very strong. Merlot has a fruity, peppery flavor. Cabernet Sauvignon is a smoother, less tannic wine than Cabernet Franc. Winemaker’s notes: Pinot noir is delicate and fresh with extremely soft tannins and fruity flavors. Zinfandel– Typically zesty, it ranges in body from medium to full-bodied and dry to off-dry
- It is produced in small quantities.
What’s the “Bulleit” Of Wine? A Few Picks…
A full-bodied wine with herbal flavors, Cabernet sauvignon is a good choice. Currant flavors abound in the younger cab. A fruity, spicy blend of grapes, Merlot is an excellent choice. Cabernet Sauvignon is a soft, less tannic wine than Cabernet franc. Winemaker’s notes: Pinot noir is delicate and fresh with extremely soft tannins and fruity flavors; Zinfandel — Typically zesty, it ranges in body from medium to full-bodied and dry to off-dry; it is a red wine from the California region.
- Chardonnay: Kendall Jackson Vintner’s Reserve California Chardonnay (about $13)
- Chenin Blanc: Pine Ridge Chenin Blanc + Viognier (around $14)
- Cabernet Sauvignon: Kendall Jackson Vintner’s Reserve California Cabernet Sauvignon (approximately $13) Sauvignon blanc: Brancott Estate Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc (about $12)
- Riesling/Pinot Gris/Moscato blend: Hugel et Fils Gentil Alsace (around $14)
- Riesling/Pinot Gris/Moscato blend: Hugel et Fils Gentil Alsace (approx $14)
- Riesling/Pinot Gris/Moscato blend: Hugel et Fils Gentil Alsace
- Cabernet sauvignon: Beringer Founder’s Estate California Cabernet Sauvignon(approx $10)
- Merlot: Chateau Ste. Michelle Columbia Valley Merlot(approx $20)
- Zinfandel: Bogle Old Vine California Zinfandel(approx $12)
- Cabernet franc: Chateau Ste. Michelle Columbia Valley Cabernet Franc(approx $20)
- Cabernet franc: Chateau Ste. Michelle Columbia Valley Cabernet Franc(
Understanding Wine Is A Process
Take the next month to buy one new bottle of wine every week, for the next month (or have a glass out with dinner or at a wine bar). After you’ve opened the bottle, take a few seconds to taste it and describe it using the descriptions listed above. Make it a point to sample a different sort of wine every week and to repeat the procedure every week. Your wine vocabulary will begin to become more familiar to you by the end of the month, which will have a significant impact on your enjoyment. At the end of the day, it’s impossible to make a bad decision.
Take it one drink at a time, and don’t be hesitant to acknowledge when you aren’t sure what you’re thinking about anything specific.
What is the most overpowering thing? I’m out looking for wine. How are you expected to pick among hundreds of bottles of wine available at any given time? (Hint: It has nothing to do with how attractive the label seems, but it is a factor.) That will be the subject of our TED Talk because we couldn’t possible cover every single cultivar available.
Instead, here’s a crash course on seven key varieties of wine, including the most basic reds and whites, as well as more experimental alternatives such as fortified and *orange* wine, among others.
But first, some wine 101:
The fact that wine is manufactured by fermenting grape juice should go without saying—but these grapes aren’t your typical snacking grapes. White grapes, which are green in color, are used to make wine, whereas black grapes, which are reddish or purple in color, are used to make red wine. There are several other aspects that influence the final outcome of a bottle, including the length of time it is matured, the type of vessel it is aged in, the environment in which the grapes are cultivated, the length of time the juice is allowed to sit with the skins, and other considerations.
The 7 Key Types of Wine to Know:
Before you go to the shop, here’s what you need know about the most basic varieties of wine available. Linda Raymond is a contributor to Getty Images.
1. Red Wine
Red wine is prepared from black grapes and receives its color (which can range from a light ruby to a rich oxblood) from the skins of the grapes that are fermented with the wine. This also contributes to the formation of tannins, which are responsible for the dry, astringent feeling you get when drinking a very powerful red wine. Examples:
- Lighter-bodied reds (such as pinot noir and gamay), which have lower alcohol content, fewer tannins, more acidity, and more red fruit notes
- Lighter-bodied whites (such as chardonnay)
- Medium-bodied reds with moderate alcohol and tannins, as well as a combination of red and dark fruit tastes (such as grenache, Côtes du Rhône, and merlot)
- Medium-bodied whites with moderate alcohol and tannins, as well as a blend of red and dark fruit flavors Full-bodied reds (such as cabernet sauvignon, malbec, and syrah), which have greater alcohol content, robust tannins, and black fruit and spicy characteristics (as opposed to lighter reds).
Combinations of Red Wine and Food: While pairing red wine (and any wines, for that matter) with food is entirely subjective, there are some general rules to keep in mind when you’re just getting started. Strong, full-bodied reds go nicely with heavy cuisine. (like red meat or slow-cooked, rich dishes). Lighter reds are adaptable and may be paired with a variety of dishes, including pasta, pizza, and even chicken. Serving Suggestions: Whether you serve red wine at room temperature or slightly below depends on the wine’s characteristics.
Lighter, higher acidity reds, on the other hand, can be wonderful when served chilled.
Photograph courtesy of Klaus Vedfelt/Getty Images
2. White Wine
White wine, on the other hand, may be created from both white and black grapes, which is a bit confusing, isn’t it? The first thing to remember about white wine is that it is fermented without the use of skins, which is why it is light in color and low in tannins. Depending on the wine, it can range from crisp to buttery in flavor. Examples:
- A light-bodied white wine that is crisp and acidic and can have flavors ranging from citrusy to herbaceous (such as pinot grigio, albario, sauvignon blanc, and vinho verde)
- A light-bodied white wine that is crisp and acidic and can have flavors ranging from citrusy to herbaceous
- Full-bodied white wine that is creamier and stronger in taste than other white wines and is typically matured in oak barrels (such as Chardonnay, viognier, and sémillon)
Typical Food Pairings:White wine may be paired with just about anything, much like red wine. However, it pairs particularly well with shellfish and fish as well as fowl as well as salty snacks and spicy foods. Serving Suggestions: White wine tastes best when served chilled, at temperatures ranging from 49 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit.
Karen MacNeil, a wine instructor and author of The Wine Bible, argues that chilly (but not freezing) conditions bring out the acidity in white wine, resulting in a wine that is more refreshing and light in flavor.
3. Rosé Wine
While rosé begins as a red wine, it is made from black grape juice and skins, with the skins removed after just a brief length of time. As a result, what happened? A blush hue, minimal tannins, and a taste that is simple to match make this a crowd-pleasing wine. Rosé may be created from any variety of black grape, and the flavor will vary according on the varietal and the region in which it is produced. Examples:
- While rosé begins with black grape juice and skins, unlike red wine, it is fermented with the skins removed after a short length of time. In the end, what happened was this: Featuring a blush hue, mild tannins, and a taste that is simple to match, this wine is a crowd pleaser. Almost any kind of black grape may be used to make rosé, and the flavor will vary according on the varietal and the region in which it is produced. Examples:
Food Pairings: Depending on the flavor of the wine, rosé may be enjoyed with a broad variety of cuisines. Light, crisp rosés combine well with salty or spicy foods, cheese, and shellfish, while juicier rosés can stand up to the demands of pizza, pasta, and chicken dishes. Serving Suggestions:Rosé, like white wine, is best served chilled to bring out its pleasant qualities even more. Photograph by Foxys Forest Manufacture/Getty Images
4. “Orange” Wine
It’s a little misleading to call these wines “orange,” because they can range in color from a rich gold to a pale straw (and they have nothing to do with the citrus fruit). According to wine writer Marissa Ross, you might think of them as white wines created in the style of a rosé or a red wine, but using white grapes instead of red or rosé grapes: For a brief length of time, the juice ferments with the skin, imparting tannins similar to those of a red wine but keeping the crisp, dry flavor of a white wine.
- Orange wine, like rosé, may have a variety of flavors depending on the grapes used to make it and the location in which it is produced. It can be sour, tannic, and dry, with flavors of honey, bruised apple, sourdough bread, and even wood varnish
Skin-contact whites mix well with heartier poultry, pig, or even beef meals because of their nuttier, stronger, and more tannic characteristics. However, they also pair well with lighter cuisine. Orange wines should be served somewhat warmer than white wines since each bottle is unique; thus, you’ll have to experiment to discover the ideal serving temperature. In general, though, orange wines should be served slightly warmer than white wines (but notwarm).
5. Sparkling Wine
All wines with carbonation are considered to be sparkling wines. It comes in a variety of colors, including white, rosé, and even red, and the bubbles are (typically) a naturally occurring byproduct of fermentation. Examples:
- Champagne is a sparkling white wine produced in France’s Champagne region
- It is served chilled. Cava, a sparkling white wine from Spain
- Prosecco, a sparkling white wine from Italy
- Lambrusco, a sparkling red wine
- Sparkling rosé
- And sparkling white wine
Food Pairings: Cheese, shellfish, fresh fruit, and salad are all natural partners for bubbly, as are spicy and oily foods, because the bubbles cleanse your palette. Champagne is also a great accompaniment to desserts. Serving Suggestions: A chilled bottle of sparkling wine should always be served, partly because doing so increases the impact of the carbonation, and partly because opening an uncorked bottle of sparkling wine at room temperature is nearly certain to result in a disaster. (Another fun scientific lesson: It’s because cold liquid may hold onto more carbon dioxide, according to the University of California, Santa Barbara Science Line.) Continue reading for the safest and most convenient way to open a bottle.
6. Dessert Wine
The following is when the lines begin to blur: When it comes to dessert wines and fortified wines (more on them in a minute), they’re frequently grouped together since they’re both on the sweet side.
Dessert wines may be roughly described as any sweet wine that is consumed after a meal and is typically served chilled. Examples:
- Sauternes, a sweet French wine created from white grapes that have been infected by noble rot, a fungus that concentrates the sugars in the grapes
- And other sweet wines. Tokaji, a Hungarian sweet wine created from grapes damaged by noble rot
- Tokaji, a sweet wine made from grapes affected by noble rot
- Vino with agua fresca
Food Pairings: As the name implies, these sweet wines are best enjoyed with other sweet meals such as desserts. Notes on Serving: Dessert wines are often served in smaller wine glasses due to the overwhelming sweetness and high alcohol content of the wine. White dessert wines are often served cold, but red dessert wines are typically served at a temperature closer to room temperature.
7. Fortified Wine
Any wine that has been fortified by the addition of a distilled alcohol is known as fortified wine (usually brandy). Because it has a high concentration of alcohol and sugar, it is most often served towards the conclusion of a meal. Examples:
- Port, sherry, and Madeira, a Portuguese fortified wine that undergoes an oxidizing process during manufacturing, are all examples of fortified wines. a fortified wine produced in the Italian city of Marsala, in the Sicilian region
- Marsala Infusions of botanicals (such as barks, flowers, herbs, roots, and spices) are added to fortified wine to create vermouth, which is offered as an aperitif or cocktail component.
Food Pairings: Although fortified wines are not required to be served with food, because they are sweet, they are frequently served with dessert items such as chocolate, cheese, almonds, and other nuts. Advice on serving:Some fortified wines, such as Sherry, should be served slightly chilled, whilst others, like as port, can be served at a more moderate serving temperature. It is frequently determined by whether the object is red or white. IN CONNECTION WITH:8 Wine Mistakes You Might Be Making
9 Main Styles of Wine and How They Are Made
Wine has a great deal to do with personal style. In order to manufacture their favorite beverage, winemakers must pick which route they will pursue before each harvest. The following is a list of the most significant wine styles, which are the consequence of a variety of various production procedures. They are divided into nine different groups based on their body type, color, and other characteristics. The list contains all red, white, rosé, sparkling, and dessert wines, and you can use this category to guide you through the process of selecting a wine to match with your meal or to enjoy on its own, depending on your preferences.
1. Full-Bodied Red Wines(Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Cabernet Franc)
Full-bodied wines feature more tannins and are higher in alcohol level than lighter-bodied wines. The tannins are sensed at the back of your tongue as a sticky sensation that dries your mouth out and helps to hold it together while drinking. They are produced through the fermentation of grape skins and seeds, as well as the storage of wine in fresh wooden barrels. On the nose, full-bodied Red Wines have a fragrance that is reminiscent of a variety of spices, leather, and dark fruits, such as sour cherries, among other things.
Additionally, large-bowled glasses should be used to serve them in order to effectively catch their scents and flavors.
Following the first fermentation, a second fermentation known as the Malolactic fermentation may take place, which is a step in the process.
The resultant wine may also be aged in oak barrels, which results in a higher concentration of tannins and a more complex scent, contributing to the overall richness of the mouthfeel.
The warmth of the environment in which a wine is produced is another component that contributes to the richness of a wine’s body. Greater temperatures allow for the growth of sweeter grapes, which result in a higher alcohol level and a fuller body in the finished product.
2.Medium-Bodied Red Wines(Merlot, Barbera)
Medium-bodied red wines are most renowned for their ability to pair well with a wide variety of foods. If you don’t care for full-bodied wines, medium-bodied reds may be paired with heartier dishes just as successfully. Good Merlot’s peppery flavors can cut through virtually any food, making it a versatile wine. As a result, it is a good choice for matching with a strong tasting wine or a heavy dinner rich in fat. When it comes to wine, a medium-bodied red wine has a moderate degree of acidity and tannin, as well as a largely fruity bouquet reminiscent of red fruits.
3. Light-Bodied Red Wines(Pinot Noir, Gamay, Blaufränkisch)
The lightest of the reds are created from grapes that are brighter and thinner in skin, and they have the least amount of tannins. They may, however, be matched with a variety of meals, such as cheese. If you don’t like for the harsh taste of tannins or the robust flavor associated with full-bodied wines, these are good alternatives. Pinot Noir is a fantastic example of a light-bodied red wine with a complex flavor profile. It has earned the distinction of being the most delicate and delicate-tasting red variety available, with mild tannins and lively acidity to complement its delicate flavor.
4. Rosé Wines(Grenache, Sangiovese, Mourvèdre)
Rosé is a wine that sits in the center of the spectrum between red and white. It is the perfect summer wine. When eating spicy cuisine like Thai or Mexican, rosé is the perfect complement. It’s best served cold to bring out the lovely fruity flavor of the berry. The flavor can range from strawberry and raspberry to melon and citrus undertones, depending on the area and manufacturing process used to produce the fruit juice. Rose is produced using a brief maceration process. This is accomplished by allowing the wine to rest with the skins of red grapes for a few hours, or until the wine has developed a lovely pink tint.
Rosé wine may also be made by transferring part of the juice from the must used in the production of red wine to a new vat and fermenting it.
A rosé wine is also created by mixing white and red grapes, however this is less usual.
5. Full-Bodied White Wines(Oaked Chardonnay, Ribolla Gialla)
These are often wines that have been aged in oak barrels and have experienced a second fermentation, known as malolactic fermentation. Chardonnay is the most emblematic of full-bodied white wine, and it is also the most often planted variety. Full-bodied white wines are distinguished by the presence of pronounced vanilla and coconut notes, and they combine very well with seafood dishes such as lobster, risotto with asparagus, chicken, and a variety of cheeses.
They are typically aged for a long period of time (3 to 10 years), and they may be extremely expensive.
6. Light-Bodied White Wines(Sauvignon Blanc, Zelen, Pinela, Pinot Gris, Riesling Italico)
Crisp, dry wines that are a great choice for individuals who want a bit of zip on the tongue and a little bit of bite. You’ll get the most enjoyment out of them when served with a fresh salad or sushi in warm weather. It’s also preferable to consume them while they’re still young, preferably during their first or second year of production. White wines with a light body are not difficult to come across. You can generally find a fantastic bottle of wine for a very affordable price on the internet.
7. Aromatic White Wines(Moscato, Gewürztraminer, Riesling)
Wines that make our life a little more enjoyable. The flowery and fruity aroma elements that distinguish them from the competition are what set them distinct. They are usually brewed with a small amount of residual sugar to counteract the acidity or bitterness that would otherwise be too strong. Those of you who enjoy a little sugar in your lemonade should understand where we’re going with this.Speaking of sugar, you should be aware that the sweetness of a wine is not dictated by the grape type used, but rather by the method in which it is created.
Similarly, every sort of grape may be used to make a dry wine, regardless of the variety.
Sweetness is also not something that can be detected through the sense of smell.
When it comes to matching, the most frequent method is to select a wine that is sweeter than the food being served.
8. DessertFortified Wines(Vinjak, Port, Sherry, Madeira, Late Harvest, Noble Rot, Straw Wine, Ice Wine)
It has already been noted that winemakers are able to maintain the natural sweetness of wine by interrupting the fermentation process before the yeasts have a chance to consume all of the sugar. As a result, such wines are sweeter while also having a lower percentage of alcohol in them. Dessert wines are what these are referred to as. A subsequent stage involves fortifying the wines by adding spirits and increasing the quantity of alcohol in them. As a consequence, you get a wine that is both sweet and powerful.
Dessert and fortified wines are excellent pairings with a wide variety of sweets, including fudge, cakes, cookies, and fruit pies, among others.
9. Sparkling Wines(Champagne, Cava, Prosecco, Méthode Classique, Penina, Sekt Lambrusco)
The French emperor Napoleon once declared of Champagne, “In Victory, I deserve it, in Defeat, I require it,” and sparkling wine has remained the most popular drink for celebrating success or mourning loss to this day. Champagne is a trademarked term for a type of sparkling wine made in the French area of the same name. As a result, sparkling wine made in other regions may not be referred to as Champagne and may have a variety of designations depending on the location in which it was produced.
- After the fermentation process is complete, they are classified according to the quantity of sugar they contain.
- If the resultant wine is dry, it is known as ‘Brut’, and if it is sweet, it is known as ‘Deux’.
- * Finally, we have reached the conclusion of our list.
- Another option is to attend a wine tasting event.
- A knowledgeable wine specialist, such as a sommelier, may also be of tremendous assistance.
According to our observations, those who are new to wine drinking tend to choose younger, lighter-bodied, and dessert wines, but you never know. It’s possible that you’ll have a strong desire for something completely different.
Here’s a Quick Education on the 5 Main Types of Wine
The world of wine may be complex and even daunting to those who are just getting started in the industry. In a world filled with so many bottles, brands, and apparently limitless sorts of wine, where does one begin to sift through the many different types of wine available? Here’s a short review of the five primary kinds of wine, as well as the features that distinguish them.
What’s In Your Glass? The Main Wine Categories
1. Red WineRed wines are formed from grapes that are blue or purple in color, and they tend to have much higher levels of tannins due to the method red wines are manufactured, which involves prolonged contact between the grape juice and the grape skins. Several of the world’s most renowned red wines are produced from grapes grown in Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the United States. These include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, and Cabernet Franc, to name a few varieties.
White wines are often characterized by their acidity and the fresh tastes of white fruit characteristics.
4.Sparkling WineChampagne and sparkling wines, made from red and white wine grapes, are popular types of wine because of their bubbly personalities that scream, “Celebrate!” Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red in color.
The flavors and aromas of sparkling wines range from floral to fruit-filled, and from freshly baked bread to creamy butterscotch tones.5.Fortified WineFortified wines are made from still wines that have had additional alcohol added to them, typically bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20 percent mark.6.Sparkling WineSparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet, and from super bubbly to slightly fizzy.
Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira are all examples of fortified wines that are widely consumed.
Even though dessert wines, whether made from red or white wine grapes and characterized by higher levels of residual sugar as a result of botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, are a delectable treat, they do not necessarily deserve to be classified as such when it comes to the fundamentals of distinguishing between different wine types.